Submitted to: Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/19/2012
Publication Date: 4/23/2014
Citation: Yan, X., Gurtler, J. 2014. Cronobacter (Enterobacter) sakazakii. Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology. vol 1. In: Batt, C.A., Tortorello, M.L. (Eds.), Elsevier Ltd, Academic Press. pp. 528-532.
Technical Abstract: Cronobacter sakazakii has been identified as an infrequently isolated opportunistic pathogen. Over 120 cases of C. sakazakii-related illness have been reported and most reported cases are life-threatening infections. Many of these outbreaks have been linked the consumption of C. sakazakii-contaminated powdered infant formula. Because of the relatively recent understanding and recognition of the importance of C. sakazakii, a great deal remains unknown about its natural habitat, its genomic information, genetic diversity among strains, and virulence factors responsible for contributing to pathogenicity and adherence properties.