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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Functional Foods Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #256039

Title: Lesquerella Press Cake as an Organic Fertilizer for Greenhouse Tomatoes

item Vaughn, Steven
item Deppe, Nathan
item Berhow, Mark
item Evangelista, Roque

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/22/2010
Publication Date: 9/22/2010
Citation: Vaughn, S.F., Deppe, N.A., Berhow, M.A., Evangelista, R.L. 2010. Lesquerella Press Cake as an Organic Fertilizer for Greenhouse Tomatoes. Meeting Abstract. 00:000-000.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Lesquerella press cake is a co-product generated during the processing of the new oilseed crop lesquerella [Lesquerella fendleri (A. Gray) S. Wats.]. As with other new crops, developing commercial uses for the press cake would increase the profitability of growing lesquerella. The press cake contains levels of nutrients which should make it an excellent organic fertilizer for container-grown plants. The objective of this study was to determine the growth and yield responses of greenhouse tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L. 'Red Robin') supplemented with only lesquerella presscake as a complete organic fertilizer, compared against a chemically-fertilized control and cottonseed meal, a conventional organic fertilizer. Tomato plants were grown in potting mix supplemented with a standard chemical fertilizer mix or either lesquerella press cake or cottonseed meal at rates of 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 % (w/w). Both of the organic fertilizers had only minor effects on the physical properties (bulk density, total porosity percentage, total solids percentage, pH, EC) of the potting mixes with increasing rates, although there was substantially less shrinkage of media amended with 5 and 10% press cake than with the same rates of cottonseed meal. At rates of 10.0% for press cake and 5.0% for cottonseed meal (which supplied similar substrate nitrogen levels), plant heights, total tomato yield per plant and number of fruit per plant were equal to that of the chemically-fertilized control. There were no differences among treatments for average fruit weight. Chlorophyll content was generally similar among the treatments during the course of the experiments, with a trend towards lower values for the 2.5% rates of press cake and cottonseed meal near the conclusion of the experiments. From the results of this study it appears that lesquerella press cake may be utilized as an organic fertilizer for container-grown tomatoes.