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Devinder Sandhu

Research Geneticist (Plants)
Devinder Sandhu

Devinder Sandhu

Agricultural Water Efficiency and
Salinity Research Unit
Research Geneticist (Plants)
US Salinity Laboratory

450 W Big Springs Road
Riverside, CA 92507
Phone:(951) 289-3627


ARS - Publications and Projects

ARS Publications
ARS Projects


U.S. Salinity Laboratory Publications:

  1. Acharya, B.R., D. Sandhu, C. Dueñas, J.F.S. Ferreira and K.K. Grover. 2022. Deciphering molecular mechanisms involved in salinity toler-ance in guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.) using tran-scriptome analyses. Plants. 11(3):291. doi:10.3390/plants11030291.
  2. Jin, K., N. Tian, J.F.S. Ferreira, D. Sandhu, L. Xiao, M. Gu, Y. Luo, X. Zhang, G. Liu, Z. Liu, J. Huang and S. Liu. 2022. Comparative transcriptome analysis of Agrobacterium tumefaciens reveals the molecular basis for the recalcitrant genetic transformation of Camellia sinensis L. Biomolecules. 12(5):688. doi:
  3. Tareq, F.S., R.R. Kotha, J.F.S. Ferreira, D. Sandhu and D.L. Luthria. 2021. Influence of Moderate-to-High Salinity on the Phytochemical Profile of Two Salinity-Tolerant Spinach Cultivars. ACS Food Sci. Technol. 1:205-214. doi:10.1021/acsfoodscitech.0c00034. 
  4. UÇGUN, K., J.F.S. Ferreira, X. Liu, J.B.S. Filho, C.F.D. Lacerda and D. Sandhu. 2020. Germination and growth of Spinach under potassium deficiency and irrigation with high-salinity water. Plants. 9(12):doi:10.3390/plants9121739.
  5. Sandhu, D., A. Kuandal, B.R. Acharya, T. Forest, M.V. Pudussery, X. Liu, J.F.S. Ferreira and D.L. Suarez. 2020. Linking diverse salinity responses of 14 almond rootstocks with physiological, biochemical, and genetic determinants. Scientific Reports. 10:21087. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-78036-4.
  6. Zhao, C., D. William and D. Sandhu. 2021. Isolation and characterization of salt overly sensitive family genes in spinach. Physiologia. 171(4):520-532. doi:10.1111/ppl.13125.
  7. Kaundal, R., N. Duhan, B.R. Acharya, M.V. Pudussery, J.F.S. Ferreira, D.L. Suarez and D. Sandhu. 2021. Transcriptional profiling of two contrasting genotypes uncovers molecular mechanisms underlying salt tolerance in alfalfa. Scientific Reports 11:5210. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-84461-w.
  8. Ferreira, J.F.S., J.B.D.S. Filho, X. Liu and D. Sandhu. 2020. Spinach plants favor the absorption of K+ over Na+ regardless of salinity, and may benefit from Na+ when K+ is deficient in the soil. Plants. 9(4):507. doi:10.3390/plants9040507.
  9. Sandhu, D. and B.R. Acharya. 2019. Mechanistic insight into the salt tolerance of almonds. Progressive Crop Consultant. 4(5):44-49.
  10. Sandhu, D., M. V. Pudussery, R. Kumar, A. Pallete, P. Markly, W.C. Bridges and R.S. Sekon. 2020. Characterization of natural genetic variation identifies multiple genes involved in salt tolerance in maize. Functional and Integrative Genomics. doi:10.1007/s10142-019-00707-x.
  11. Suarez, D.L., N. Celis, R.G. Anderson and D. Sandhu. 2019. Grape rootstock response to salinity, water and combined salinity and water stress. Agronomy. 9:321. doi:10.3390/agronomy9060321.
  12. Thu, S.W., K.M. Rai, D. Sandhu, A. Rajangam, V.K. Balasubramanian, R.G. Palmer and V. Mendu. 2019. Mutation in a PHD-Finger Protein MS4 causes male sterility in soybean. Biomed Central (BMC) Plant Biology. 19:378. doi:10.1186/s12870-019-1979-4.
  13. Ferreira, J.F.S., D. Sandhu, X. Liu and J.J. Halvorson. 2018. Spinach (Spinacea oleracea, L.) response to salinity: nutritional value, physiological parameters, antioxidant capacity, and gene expression. Agriculture. 8(10):163. doi:10.3390/agriculture8100163.
  14. Kaundal, A., D. Sandhu, M. Duenas and J.F.S. Ferreira. 2019. Expression of the high-affinity K+ transporter 1 (PpHKT1) gene from almond rootstock 'Nemaguard' improved salt tolerance of transgenic Arabidopsis. PLoS One. 14(3):e0214473. doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0214473.
  15. Sandhu, D., M.V. Pudussery, J.F.S. Ferreira, X. Liu, A. Pallete, K.K. Grover and K. Hummer. 2019. Variable salinity responses and comparative expression of salinity response genes in woodland strawberry genotypes. Scientia Horticulturae. 254:61-69. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2019.04.071.
  16. Sandhu, D. and A. Kaundal. 2018. Dynamics of salt tolerance: molecular perspectives. In: Biotechnologies of Crop Improvement. Cham, Switzerland:Springer International Publishing AG. 3:25-40. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-94746-4.
  17. Ferreira, J.F.S., V. Benedito, D. Sandhu, J.A. Marchese and S. Liu. 2018. Seasonal sesquiterpene accumulation of three elite Artemisia annua germplasms and precursor-based selection to generate high-artemisinin crosses. Frontiers in Plant Science. 9:1096. doi:10.3389/fpls.2018.01096.
  18. Sandhu, D., M.V. Pudussery, R. Kaundal, D.L. Suarez, A. Kaundal and R.S. Sekhon. 2018. Molecular characterization and expression analysis of the Na+/H+ exchanger gene family in Medicago truncatula. Functional and Integrative Genomics. 18(2):141-153. doi:10.1007/s10142-017-0581-9.
  19. Sandhu, D., Z. Coleman, T. Atkinson, K.M. Rai and V. Mendu. 2018. Genetics and physiology of the nuclearly inherited yellow foliar mutants in soybean. Frontiers in Plant Science. 9:471. doi:10.3389/fpls.2018.00471.
  20. Grant, N., A. Mohan, D. Sandhu and K.S. Gill. 2018. Inheritance and genetic mapping of the reduced height (Rht18) gene in wheat. Plants. 7(3):58. doi:103.3390/plants7030058.
  21. Sandhu, D. and M.K. Bhattacharyya. 2017. Transposon-based functional characterization of soybean genes. In: The Soybean Genome. Compendium of Plant Genomes. Cham, Switzerland:Springer International Publishing AG. 183-192. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-64198-0_12.
  22. Coleman, Z., J. Boelter, K. Espinosa, S. Goggi, R. G. Palmer and D. Sandhu. 2017. Isolation and characterization of aconitate hydratase 4 (Aco4) from soybean. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 97(4):684-691. doi:10.1139/CJPS-2016-0363.
  23. Sandhu, D., M.V. Cornacchione, J.F.S. Ferreira and D.L. Suarez. 2017. Variable salinity responses of 12 alfalfa genotypes and comparative expression analyses of salt response genes. Scientific Reports. 7:42958. doi:10.1038/srep42958.
  24. Sandhu, D., T. Atkinson, A. Noll, C. Johnson, K. Espinosa, J. Boelter, S. Abel, B.K. Dhatt, E. Singsaas, S. Sepsenwol, S. Goggi and R. Palmer. 2016. Soybean proteins GmTic110 and GmPsbP are crucial for chloroplast development and function. Plant Science. 252:76-87. doi:10.1016/j.plantsci.2016.07.006.
  25. Sandhu, D., J. Ghosh, C. Johnson, J. Baumbach, E. Baumert, T. Cina, D.M. Grant, R.G. Palmer and M.K. Bhattacharyya. 2017. The endogenous transposable element Tgm9 is suitable for functional analyses of soybean genes and generating novel mutants for genetic improvement of soybean. PloS One. 45(8):1-14. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0180732.
  26. Baumbach, J., R.N. Pudake, C. Johnson, K. Kleinhans, A. Ollhoff, R.G. Palmer, M.K. Bhattacharyya and D. Sandhu. 2016. Transposon tagging of a male-sterility, female-sterility gene, St8, revealed that the meiotic MER3 DNA helicase activity is essential for fertility in soybean. PLoS ONE. 11(3):doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0150482.


Prior Works:

  1. Speth, B., Rogers, J. P., Boonyoo, N., VanMeter, A. J., Baumbach, J., Ott, A., Moore, J., Cina, T., Palmer, R., & Sandhu, D. (2015). Molecular mapping of five soybean genes involved in male-sterility, female-sterility. Genome, 58(4), 143-149.
  2. Navarro, C., Moore, J., Ott, A., Baumert, E., Mohan, A., Gill, K. S., & Sandhu, D. (2015). Evolutionary, comparative and functional analyses of the brassinosteroid receptor gene, BRI1, in wheat and tts relation to other plant genomes. PLOS ONE, 10(5), e0127544.
  3. Espinosa, K., Boelter, J., Lolle, S., Hopkins, M., Goggi, S., Palmer, R. G., & Sandhu, D. (2015). Evaluation of spontaneous generation of allelic variation in soybean in response to sexual hybridization and stress. Can. J. Plant Sci., 95(2), 405-415.
  4. Yang, Y., Speth, B. D., Boonyoo, N., Baumert, E., Atkinson, T. R., Palmer, R. G., & Sandhu, D. (2014). Molecular mapping of three male-sterile, female-fertile mutants and generation of a comprehensive map of all known male sterility genes in soybean. Genome, 57(3), 155-160.
  5. Speth, B., Rogers, J. P., Boonyoo, N., Palmer, R. G., & Sandhu, D. (2014). Candidate gene identification for a fertility locus in soybean. J. Res., 51(1), 8-13.
  6. Reed, S., Atkinson, T., Gorecki, C., Espinosa, K., Przybylski, S., Goggi, A., Palmer, R., & Sandhu, D. (2014). Candidate gene identification for a lethal chlorophyll-deficient mutant in soybean. Agronomy, 4(4), 462-469.
  7. Navarro, C., Yang, Y., Mohan, A., Grant, N., Gill, K. S., & Sandhu, D. (2014). Microsatellites based genetic linkage map of the Rht3 locus in bread wheat Mol. Plant Breed., 5(8), 43-46. 10.5376/mpb.2014.05.0008
  8. Raval, J., Baumbach, J., Ollhoff, A. R., Pudake, R. N., Palmer, R. G., Bhattacharyya, M. K., & Sandhu, D. (2013). A candidate male-fertility female-fertility gene tagged by the soybean endogenous transposon, Tgm9. Funct. Integr. Genomics, 13(1), 67-73.
  9. Ott, A., Yang, Y., Bhattacharyya, M., Horner, H., Palmer, R., & Sandhu, D. (2013). Molecular mapping of D1, D2 and ms5 revealed linkage between the cotyledon color locus D2 and the male-sterile locus ms5 in soybean. Plants, 2(3), 441-454.
  10. Sumit, R., Sahu, B. B., Xu, M., Sandhu, D., & Bhattacharyya, M. K. (2012). Arabidopsis nonhost resistance gene PSS1 confers immunity against an oomycete and a fungal pathogen but not a bacterial pathogen that cause diseases in soybean [journal article]. BMC Plant Biol., 12(1), 87.
  11. Baumbach, J., Rogers, J. P., Slattery, R. A., Narayanan, N. N., Xu, M., Palmer, R. G., Bhattacharyya, M. K., & Sandhu, D. (2012). Segregation distortion in a region containing a male-sterility, female-sterility locus in soybean. Plant Sci., 195, 151-156.
  12. Slattery, R. A., Pritzl, S., Reinwand, K., Trautschold, B., Palmer, R. G., & Sandhu, D. (2011). Mapping eight male-sterile, female-sterile soybean mutants. Crop Sci., 51(1), 231-236.
  13. Ott, A., Trautschold, B., & Sandhu, D. (2011). Using microsatellites to understand the physical distribution of recombination on soybean chromosomes. PLOS ONE, 6(7), e22306.
  14. Frasch, R. M., Weigand, C., Perez, P. T., Palmer, R. G., & Sandhu, D. (2011). Molecular mapping of 2 environmentally sensitive male-sterile mutants in soybean. J. Hered., 102(1), 11-16.
  15. Schmutz, J., Cannon, S. B., Schlueter, J., Ma, J., Mitros, T., Nelson, W., Hyten, D. L., Song, Q., Thelen, J. J., Cheng, J., Xu, D., Hellsten, U., May, G. D., Yu, Y., Sakurai, T., Umezawa, T., Bhattacharyya, M. K., Sandhu, D., Valliyodan, B., Lindquist, E., Peto, M., Grant, D., Shu, S., Goodstein, D., Barry, K., Futrell-Griggs, M., Abernathy, B., Du, J., Tian, Z., Zhu, L., Gill, N., Joshi, T., Libault, M., Sethuraman, A., Zhang, X.-C., Shinozaki, K., Nguyen, H. T., Wing, R. A., Cregan, P., Specht, J., Grimwood, J., Rokhsar, D., Stacey, G., Shoemaker, R. C., & Jackson, S. A. (2010). Genome sequence of the palaeopolyploid soybean [10.1038/nature08670]. Nature, 463(7278), 178-183.
  16. Mutti, J. S., Sandhu, D., Sidhu, D., & Gill, K. S. (2010). Dynamic nature of a wheat centromere with a functional gene [journal article]. Mol. Breed., 26(2), 177-187.
  17. Sandhu, D., Tasma, I. M., Frasch, R., & Bhattacharyya, M. K. (2009). Systemic acquired resistance in soybean is regulated by two proteins, orthologous to Arabidopsis NPR1 [journal article]. BMC Plant Biol., 9(1), 105.
  18. Cervantes-Martinez, I., Sandhu, D., Xu, M., Ortiz-Perez, E., Kato, K. K., Horner, H. T., & Palmer, R. G. (2009). The male sterility locus ms3 is present in a fertility controlling gene cluster in soybean. J. Hered., 100(5), 565-570.
  19. Palmer, R. G., Sandhu, D., Curran, K., & Bhattacharyya, M. K. (2008). Molecular mapping of 36 soybean male-sterile, female-sterile mutants [journal article]. Theor. Appl. Genet., 117(5), 711-719.
  20. Sandhu, D., Alt, J. L., Scherder, C. W., Fehr, W. R., & Bhattacharyya, M. K. (2007). Enhanced oleic acid content in the soybean mutant M23 is associated with the deletion in the Fad2-1a gene encoding a fatty acid desaturase [journal article]. J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 84(3), 229-235.
  21. Sandhu, D., Schallock, K., Rivera-Velez, N., Lundeen, P., Cianzio, S., & Bhattacharyya, M. (2005). Soybean Phytophthora resistance gene Rps8 maps closely to the Rps3 region. J. Hered., 96(5), 536-541.
  22. Alt, J. L., Fehr, W. R., Welke, G. A., & Sandhu, D. (2005). Phenotypic and molecular analysis of oleate content in the mutant soybean line M23. Crop Sci., 45(5), 1997-2000.
  23. Sandhu, D., Gao, H., Cianzio, S., & Bhattacharyya, M. K. (2004). Deletion of a disease resistance nucleotide-binding-site leucine-rich-repeat-like sequence is associated with the loss of the Phytophthora resistance gene Rps4 in soybean. Genetics, 168(4), 2157-2167.
  24. Randhawa, H., Dilbirligi, M., Sidhu, D., Erayman, M., Sandhu, D., Bondareva, S., Chao, S., Lazo, G., Anderson, O., & Gustafson, J. (2004). Deletion mapping of homoeologous group 6-specific wheat expressed sequence tags. Genetics, 168(2), 677-686.
  25. Qi, L. L., Echalier, B., Chao, S., Lazo, G. R., Butler, G. E., Anderson, O. D., Akhunov, E. D., Dvorák, J., Linkiewicz, A. M., Ratnasiri, A., Dubcovsky, J., Bermudez-Kandianis, C. E., Greene, R. A., Kantety, R., La Rota, C. M., Munkvold, J. D., Sorrells, S. F., Sorrells, M. E., Dilbirligi, M., Sidhu, D., Erayman, M., Randhawa, H. S., Sandhu, D., Bondareva, S. N., Gill, K. S., Mahmoud, A. A., Ma, X. F., Miftahudin, Gustafson, J. P., Conley, E. J., Nduati, V., Gonzalez-Hernandez, J. L., Anderson, J. A., Peng, J. H., Lapitan, N. L., Hossain, K. G., Kalavacharla, V., Kianian, S. F., Pathan, M. S., Zhang, D. S., Nguyen, H. T., Choi, D. W., Fenton, R. D., Close, T. J., McGuire, P. E., Qualset, C. O., & Gill, B. S. (2004). A chromosome bin map of 16,000 expressed sequence tag loci and distribution of genes among the three genomes of polyploid wheat. Genetics, 168(2), 701-712.
  26. Peng, J. H., Zadeh, H., Lazo, G. R., Gustafson, J. P., Chao, S., Anderson, O. D., Qi, L. L., Echalier, B., Gill, B. S., Dilbirligi, M., Sandhu, D., Gill, K. S., Greene, R. A., Sorrells, M. E., Akhunov, E. D., Dvorák, J., Linkiewicz, A. M., Dubcovsky, J., Hossain, K. G., Kalavacharla, V., Kianian, S. F., Mahmoud, A. A., Miftahudin, Conley, E. J., Anderson, J. A., Pathan, M. S., Nguyen, H. T., McGuire, P. E., Qualset, C. O., & Lapitan, N. L. V. (2004). Chromosome bin map of expressed sequence tags in homoeologous group 1 of hexaploid wheat and homoeology with rice and Arabidopsis. Genetics, 168(2), 609-623.
  27. Munkvold, J. D., Greene, R. A., Bermudez-Kandianis, C. E., La Rota, C. M., Edwards, H., Sorrells, S. F., Dake, T., Benscher, D., Kantety, R., Linkiewicz, A. M., Dubcovsky, J., Akhunov, E. D., Dvorák, J., Miftahudin, Gustafson, J. P., Pathan, M. S., Nguyen, H. T., Matthews, D. E., Chao, S., Lazo, G. R., Hummel, D. D., Anderson, O. D., Anderson, J. A., Gonzalez-Hernandez, J. L., Peng, J. H., Lapitan, N., Qi, L. L., Echalier, B., Gill, B. S., Hossain, K. G., Kalavacharla, V., Kianian, S. F., Sandhu, D., Erayman, M., Gill, K. S., McGuire, P. E., Qualset, C. O., & Sorrells, M. E. (2004). Group 3 chromosome bin maps of wheat and their relationship to rice chromosome 1. Genetics, 168(2), 639-650.
  28. Linkiewicz, A. M., Qi, L. L., Gill, B. S., Ratnasiri, A., Echalier, B., Chao, S., Lazo, G. R., Hummel, D. D., Anderson, O. D., Akhunov, E. D., Dvorák, J., Pathan, M. S., Nguyen, H. T., Peng, J. H., Lapitan, N. L., Miftahudin, Gustafson, J. P., La Rota, C. M., Sorrells, M. E., Hossain, K. G., Kalavacharla, V., Kianian, S. F., Sandhu, D., Bondareva, S. N., Gill, K. S., Conley, E. J., Anderson, J. A., Fenton, R. D., Close, T. J., McGuire, P. E., Qualset, C. O., & Dubcovsky, J. (2004). A 2500-locus bin map of wheat homoeologous group 5 provides insights on gene distribution and colinearity with rice. Genetics, 168(2), 665-676.
  29. Erayman, M., Sandhu, D., Sidhu, D., Dilbirligi, M., Baenziger, P. S., & Gill, K. S. (2004). Demarcating the gene-rich regions of the wheat genome. Nucleic Acids Res., 32(12), 3546-3565.
  30. Dilbirligi, M., Erayman, M., Sandhu, D., Sidhu, D., & Gill, K. S. (2004). Identification of wheat chromosomal regions containing expressed resistance genes. Genetics, 166(1), 461-481.
  31. Santra, D. K., Sandhu, D., Tai, T., & Bhattacharyya, M. K. (2003). Construction and characterization of a soybean yeast artificial chromosome library and identification of clones for the Rps6 region. Funct. Integr. Genomic., 3(4), 153-159.
  32. Sandhu, D., Sidhu, D., & Gill, K. S. (2002). Identification of expressed sequence markers for a major gene-rich region of wheat chromosome group 1 using RNA fingerprinting-differential display. Crop Sci., 42(4), 1285-1290.
  33. Sandhu, D., & Gill, K. S. (2002). Structural and functional organization of the'1S0. 8 gene-rich region'in the Triticeae. Plant Mol. Biol., 48(5-6), 791-804.
  34. Sandhu, D., & Gill, K. S. (2002). Gene-containing regions of wheat and the other grass genomes. Plant Physiol., 128(3), 803-811.
  35. Rostoks, N., Park, Y.-J., Ramakrishna, W., Ma, J., Druka, A., Shiloff, B. A., SanMiguel, P. J., Jiang, Z., Brueggeman, R., & Sandhu, D. (2002). Genomic sequencing reveals gene content, genomic organization, and recombination relationships in barley. Funct. Integr. Genomic., 2(1), 51-59.
  36. Sandhu, D., Champoux, J. A., Bondareva, S. N., & Gill, K. S. (2001). Identification and physical localization of useful genes and markers to a major gene-rich region on wheat group 1S chromosomes. Genetics, 157(4), 1735-1747.
  37. Li, L., Arumuganathan, K., Rines, H., Phillips, R., Riera-Lizarazu, O., Sandhu, D., Zhou, Y., & Gill, K. (2001). Flow cytometric sorting of maize chromosome 9 from an oat-maize chromosome addition line. Theor. Appl. Genet., 102(5), 658-663.
  38. Gill, K. S., & Sandhu, D. (2001). Candidate-gene cloning and targeted marker enrichment of wheat chromosomal regions using RNA fingerprinting-differential display. Genome, 44(4), 633-639.
  39. Sidhu, P., Sandhu, D., Sekhon, R., & Sarlach, R. (2000). Combining ability studies involving male sterile lines in pigeonpea. J. Res., 37, 1-8.
  40. Sukhchain, Sandhu, D., & Saini, G. (1997). Inter-relationships among cane yield and commercial cane sugar and their component traits in autumn plant crop of sugarcane. Euphytica, 95(1), 109-113.
  41. Sidhu, P., Verma, M., Sarlach, R., Sekhon, R., & Sandhu, D. (1996). Identification of superior parents and hybrids for improving pigeonpea. Crop Improv. , 23, 66-70.
  42. Sandhu, D., & Chahal, G. (1995). Prediction of F1 yield from parental performance in upland cotton. Crop Improv., 22, 55-60.