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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania » Eastern Regional Research Center » Sustainable Biofuels and Co-products Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #401403

Research Project: Chemical Conversion of Biomass into High Value Products

Location: Sustainable Biofuels and Co-products Research

Title: Sustainable lubricant formulations from natural oils: a short review

item Sharma, Brajendra - Bk
item KARMAKAR, GOBINDA - University Of North Bengal
item SHAH, RAJ - Koehler Instrument Company, Inc
item GHOSH, PRANAB - University Of North Bengal
item Sarker, Majher
item Erhan, Sevim

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/10/2023
Publication Date: 12/22/2023
Citation: Sharma, B.K., Karmakar, G., Shah, R., Ghosh, P., Sarker, M.I., Erhan, S.Z. 2023. Sustainable lubricant formulations from natural oils: a short review. In Liu, Z.S. and Kraus, G. (Eds.). Green Chemistry Series No. 83: Green Chemistry and Green Materials from Plant Oils and Natural Acids. Royal Society of Chemistry. p. 170-193.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Biolubricant formulation from vegetable oils and other natural resources is the most emerging area of research in lubricant industry at the present moment. Vegetable and other natural oils (e.g., microalgae, liquids obtained from pyrolysis of wood biomass) can be used as feedstocks for making lubricant base oils and additives for biolubricants. Although plant based oils have advantages like high viscosity index, high flash points, good antifriction/antiwear properties, biodegradability etc., there are some challenges such as poor oxidative stability, low temperature fluidity, poor hydrolytic stability that need to be overcome. Chemical modification is the way to address these challenges. In this review, we have discussed various chemical routes to synthesize base oils as well as biobased additives for the formulation of a sustainable lubricant.