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ARS Home » Plains Area » Manhattan, Kansas » Center for Grain and Animal Health Research » ABADRU » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #395308

Research Project: Predicting and Mitigating Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV) in North America

Location: Arthropod-borne Animal Diseases Research

Title: miRNA dynamics in the understudied vector, Culicoides sonorensis

item MILLS, MARY - University Of South Carolina
item ROZO-LOPEZ, PAULA - University Of Tennessee
item BRYANT, WILLIAM - Augusta University
item Drolet, Barbara

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 8/11/2022
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Interpretive Summary not required in accordance with ARS-115 Publications P & P 152.1 v.5 (10/19/2019) chapter 5 page 31 Matrix for Data Entry Determinations. Kmm

Technical Abstract: Culicoides sonorensis midges vector multiple livestock arboviruses, such as bluetongue virus, epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, and vesicular stomatitis virus, resulting in significant economic losses worldwide. Due to the tight association between virus transmission, blood feeding, and egg development, understanding the genetic basis for midge physiology is critical to develop more targeted control strategies. Multiple studies have demonstrated the importance of small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in several aspects of vector physiology. Indeed, most work has focused on microRNAs (miRNAs), which regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. To determine the miRNA catalog within C. sonorensis, we took a next-generation sequencing approach. Using small RNA-Seq and miRDeep2 analyses, we characterized the miRNA transcriptome in both whole insects and midgut tissues before and after blood feeding. Our analyses revealed (i) orthologous, (ii) Culicoides-specific, (iii) tissue-enriched, and (iv) blood-meal induced miRNAs. Of the latter point, we also identified a conserved cluster of miRNAs whose expression follows the gonotrophic cycle. These data provide a necessary foundation for future ncRNA work to untangle the dynamics of gene regulation associated with midge physiology and virus transmission.