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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Fiber Bioscience and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #395136

Research Project: Innovative Approaches for Value Added Cotton-Containing Nonwovens

Location: Cotton Fiber Bioscience and Utilization Research

Title: Interrelationships between cotton fiber quality traits and fluid handling and moisture management properties of nonwoven textiles

item Hron, Rebecca
item Hinchliffe, Doug
item Thyssen, Gregory
item Condon, Brian
item Zeng, Linghe
item Santiago Cintron, Michael
item Jenkins, Johnie
item McCarty, Jack
item Sui, Ruixiu

Submitted to: Textile Research Journal
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/2/2023
Publication Date: 5/2/2023
Citation: Hron, R.J., Hinchliffe, D.J., Thyssen, G.N., Condon, B.D., Zeng, L., Santiago Cintron, M., Jenkins, J.N., Mccarty Jr, J.C., Sui, R. 2023. Interrelationships between cotton fiber quality traits and fluid handling and moisture management properties of nonwoven textiles. Textile Research Journal.

Interpretive Summary: The demand for cotton as a sustainable, biodegradable material is rapidly increasing. However, this increased need for cotton leads to additional challenges; namely, the cultivation of high-quality fibers in increased yields to meet increased demand. Alternatively, fibers classified as lesser quality by traditional fiber quality parameters may be an efficient and cost-effective solution. Unfortunately, the effects of these deviations found in lesser quality fibers on their targeted end use applications have not been resolved. In order to circumvent this issue, MAGIC populations were created and 10 RILs selected to explore the relationship between fiber quality measurements and the liquid moisture management properties of their resultant nonwoven fabrics.

Technical Abstract: Cotton fibers represent a sustainable and environmentally responsible raw material for the production of nonwoven textiles which are currently dominated by synthetic fibers derived from petrochemicals. Natural variation in quality parameters such as fineness, length, and strength present a challenge for cotton fiber conversion to yarns and in weaving and knitting for conventional textiles. The grading process for cotton fibers addresses this issue by allowing converters to select fibers suitable for specific woven textile applications. However, there has been little attempt to correlate cotton fiber quality traits with nonwovens textile performance. In this study we examined the relationship of cotton fiber quality and fluid handling and moisture management performance properties of nonwoven textiles for personal hygiene and disposable applications. This includes potential end-use in diapers and incontinence products as well as disposable textiles for use in clinical settings. Ten recombinant inbred lines of cotton with a broad distribution of fiber quality traits were selected from a multiparent advanced generation intercross population. Fibers were harvested, converted into nonwoven textiles and subjected to a series of standardized testing protocols. The results indicated that inferior quality coarse cotton fibers subjected to discount market pricing can be selectively utilized for nonwoven applications that benefit from improved moisture management and fluid handling performance.