Location: Arthropod-borne Animal Diseases ResearchTitle: A review of the vector status of North American Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) for bluetongue virus, epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, and other arboviruses of concern
Submitted to: Current Tropical Medicine Reports
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/30/2022
Publication Date: 9/10/2022
Citation: McGregor, B.L., Shults, P.T., McDermott, E.G. 2022. A review of the vector status of North American Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) for bluetongue virus, epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, and other arboviruses of concern. Current Tropical Medicine Reports. eVol 9:130–139 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s40475-022-00263-8.
Interpretive Summary: ARIS manual pg 31 Matrix for Data Entry Determinations Review Articles doesn't require an Interpretive Summary. kmm
Technical Abstract: Purpose of review: Culicoides biting midges transmit several pathogens of veterinary importance in North America, but the vector status of many species is unresolved. Additionally, the available evidence of vector competence in these species is scattered and variable. The purpose of this review was to summarize current knowledge on confirmed and putative North American Culicoides arbovirus vectors. Recent findings: While the vector status of Culicoides sonorensis (EHDV, BTV, VSV) and Culicoides insignis (BTV) are well established, several other potential vectors have been recently identified. Often these species are implicated based primarily on host-feeding, abundance, and/or detection of arboviruses from field collected insects, and often lack laboratory infection and transmission data necessary to fully confirm their vector status. Recent genetic studies have also indicated that some wide-ranging species likely represent several cryptic species, further complicating our understanding of their vector status. Summary: In most cases, laboratory evidence needed to fully understand the vector status of the putative Culicoides vectors is absent; however, it appears that several species are likely contributing to the transmission of arboviruses in North America.