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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania » Eastern Regional Research Center » Sustainable Biofuels and Co-products Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #374698

Research Project: Enable New Marketable, Value-added Coproducts to Improve Biorefining Profitability

Location: Sustainable Biofuels and Co-products Research

Title: Chemicals From Vegetable Oils, Fatty Derivatives, and Plant Biomass

item KARMAKAR, GOBINDA - University Of North Bengal
item GHOSH, PRANAB - University Of North Bengal
item KOHLI, KIRTIKA - University Of Illinois
item SHARMA, BRAJENDRA - University Of Illinois
item Erhan, Sevim

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/11/2020
Publication Date: 7/17/2020
Citation: Karmakar, G., Ghosh, P., Kohli, K., Sharma, B.K., Erhan, S.Z. 2020. Chemicals From Vegetable Oils, Fatty Derivatives, and Plant Biomass. Book Chapter. Innovative Uses of Agricultural Products and Byproducts. Vol. 1347, p.1-31.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The overwhelming utilization of petroleum-based products and the scarcity of the raw materials in the coming future, along with their negative impacts on the environment, has compelled us to use materials from natural resources. The utilization of vegetable oils (VOs) or plant biomass as potential feedstock to prepare numerous functional materials and their application in diverse fields has recently attracted considerable interest. The triglyceride esters of fatty acids, a major content of VOs, can be used as a reliable starting material to synthesize various biomaterials having applications in diverse fields. Production of biofuel/biolubricants from VOs is very important at this time due to increasing environmental pollution from the automotive industry. In this review, we have highlighted different modes of chemical transformation by various reactions at the carboxy or olefin functionalities of triglycerides of bio-based oils and application of the bioderived materials for versatile applications specially focusing on the formulation of biofuel and biolubricants.