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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #355217

Research Project: Chemical Modification of Cotton for Value Added Applications

Location: Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research

Title: Microwave assisted technology for the value added textiles

item Chang, Sechin
item Condon, Brian
item Smith, Jade

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/16/2018
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Due to its environmentally kindly properties, microwave assisted technique is considered in green chemistry as a substitute for organic solvents in chemical reactions. In this paper, innovative approaches for preparation of flame retardant fabrics were obtained by utilizing microwave assisted technique with minimum amount of co-solvent. Our attempts at flame retardant cotton fabrics treated with low cost inorganic formulations or a novel environmentally friendly phosphorus-nitrogen containing small molecules were done successfully. The evidence of flame retardant chemical penetrations or surface modification of cotton fabrics were confirmed by the Fourier transfer infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), elemental analysis (EA) and scanning electron microscope (SEM), and the treated cotton fabrics were evaluated flammability tests such as 45 degree angle (clothing textiles test -- ASTM D1230-01; 16 CFR 1610) and vertical (ASTM D6413-08; 16 CFR 1615, 1616). In addition to the thermal properties of desired products will discuss by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and micro-scale combustion calorimeter (MCC).