Location: Foreign Animal Disease ResearchTitle: ICTV Virus taxonomy profile: Asfarviridae
|ALONSO, COVADONGA - Instituto Nacional De Investigacion Y Technologia Agraria Y Alimentaria|
|DIXON, LINDA - The Pirbright Institute|
|REVILLA, YOLANDA - University Of Madrid|
|RODRIGUEZ, FERNANDO - Institute De Recerca I Tecnologia Agroalimentaries (IRTA)|
|ESCRIBANO, JOSE - Instituto Nacional De Investigacion Y Technologia Agraria Y Alimentaria|
Submitted to: Journal of General Virology
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/12/2018
Publication Date: 5/1/2018
Citation: Alonso, C., Borca, M.V., Dixon, L., Revilla, Y., Rodriguez, F., Escribano, J.M. 2018. ICTV Virus taxonomy profile: Asfarviridae. Journal of General Virology. 99:613-614. https://doi.org/10.1099/jgv.0.001049.
Interpretive Summary: This report focus in the description of the characteristics of African swine fever virus (ASFV) that possibilities it classification as the only member of the Asfviridae family. This is the product of discussions among the experts at the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Data presented here determine the bases for defining ASFV as a unique virus that because its peculiar characteristics cannot be classified within any preexisting virus family.
Technical Abstract: The family Asfarviridae includes the single species African swine fever virus, isolates of which have linear dsDNA genomes of 170-194 kbp. Virons have an internal core, an internal lipid membrane, an icosahedral capsid and an outer lipid envelope. Infection of domestic pigs and wild boar results in an acute haemorrgagic fever with transmission by contact or ingestion, or by ticks of the genus Ornithodoros. Indigenous pigs act as reservoirs in Africa, where infection is endemic, and from where introductions occur periodically to Europe. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the taxonomy of the Asfarviridae, which is available at www.ictv.global/report/asfarviridae.