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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Crop Bioprotection Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #347112

Research Project: Development of New Production Methodologies for Biocontrol Agents and Fastidious Microbes to Improve Plant Disease Management

Location: Crop Bioprotection Research

Title: Improving urban agriculture through phylogenetically guided crop genome engineering

item Rooney, Alejandro - Alex

Submitted to: Current Molecular Biology Reports
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/4/2017
Publication Date: 12/1/2017
Citation: Rooney, A.P. 2017. Improving urban agriculture through phylogenetically guided crop genome engineering. Current Molecular Biology Reports. 3:205-207.

Interpretive Summary: Urban agriculture is increasing in popularity as a way to enhance food security in inner cities and improve access to fresh vegetables and fruits. However, there is a lack of research on controlling plant diseases in urban environments. In this article, one solution using modern biotechnology is proposed, highlighting a disease of potato and related species as a specific example.

Technical Abstract: Research into the ways in which plant diseases can be controlled in urban agricultural systems has lagged far behind studies of plant diseases in traditional agricultural systems, particularly with respect to the threat posed by invasive pathogens. The urban environment poses unique constrains not seen in traditional, rural systems as a result of different challenges that must be addressed to protect public health and environmental safety. To resolve this problem, new technologies and information are needed to improve urban agricultural productivity and efficiency. In this article, phylogenetically-guided genomic engineering of crop species utilizing weed gene templates is shown as a potential solution using the Solanum-Ralstonia host-pathogen system as a potential example.