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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Madison, Wisconsin » Vegetable Crops Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #337037

Research Project: Genetic Enhancement of Allium, Cucumis, and Daucus Germplasm

Location: Vegetable Crops Research

Title: The carrot genome provides insights into crop origins and a foundation for future crop improvement

Author
item Simon, Philipp
item Iorizzo, Massimo - North Carolina State University
item Ellison, Shelby - University Of Wisconsin
item Senalik, Douglas
item Zeng, Peng - Bgi Shenzhen
item Satapoomin, Pimchanok - University Of Wisconsin
item Bowman, Megan - Michigan State University
item Iovene, Marina - Istituto Di Bioscienze E Biorisorse-Uos Portici-cnr
item Sanseverino, Walter - Autonomous University Of Barcelona
item Cavagnaro, Pablo - University Of Cuyo
item Yildiz, Mehtap - Yuzuncu Yil Centennial University
item Macko-podgorni, Alicja - University Of Krakow
item Moranska, Emilia - University Of Krakow
item Spooner, David

Submitted to: Chronica Horticulturae
Publication Type: Trade Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/1/2016
Publication Date: 12/1/2016
Citation: Simon, P.W., Iorizzo, M., Ellison, S., Senalik, D.A., Zeng, P., Satapoomin, P., Bowman, M., Iovene, M., Sanseverino, W., Cavagnaro, P., Yildiz, M., Macko-Podgorni, A., Moranska, E., Spooner, D.M. et al. 2016. The carrot genome provides insights into crop origins and a foundation for future crop improvement. Chronica Horticulturae. 56(4):8-13.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The sequencing of the carrot genome was an effort that formally began in 2012 and culminated with the publication and release of the genome in 2016. A full genome sequence provides the ultimate foundation to study genetics, gene function, and evolution of a species. The primary goal of the carrot genome project was to generate a high quality genome assembly. The full genome sequence generated will serve as the standard of comparison for future studies evaluating the breadth of diversity of carrots. To study the evolution of the carrot genome, the whole genome sequence of carrot and 12 other plants were compared, to identify genes in different species that evolved from a common ancestral gene during speciation. These comparisons indicated that several duplications of the whole genome occurred during carrot evolution. The sequencing of the carrot genome provides a foundation for additional studies in plant evolution. Several immediate applications are already being pursued with the development of molecular markers to accelerate progress in carrot breeding programs. The carrot sequencing project will enrich the genomic resources available to plant scientists working with carrot relatives, and with other plants. This research is of interest to molecular biologists, geneticists, vegetable breeders, and nutritionists.