|COX, KERIK - Cornell University - New York|
Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/6/2016
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: The domesticated apple (Malus domestica) is the most significant pome fruit grown and consumed worldwide. China is the largest producer followed by the United States on a global scale. However, fungal plant pathogens cause significant economic losses in the field and in storage which negatively impacts fruit quality. Several pathogens also produce harmful mycotoxins that are a food safety concern. Many advancements in biological, chemical and cultural methods of control have been achieved and integrated to increase apple production, improve fruit quality and enhance sustainability. In this chapter an introduction of apple production and storage is presented, followed by a discussion of the main pre and postharvest apple pathogens, methods on integrated disease management are discussed, followed by future trends and new discoveries.