Submitted to: American Association of Avian Pathologists
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/20/2015
Publication Date: 7/1/2016
Citation: Gold, S.E., Glenn, A.E., and Wyatt, R.D. 2016. Pathogenic Fungi and Mycotoxins, pp. 71-80. In: A Laboratory Manual for the Isolation, Identification, and Characterization of Avian Pathogens. 6th Ed. Editor in Chief, Susan M. Williams. American Association of Avian Pathologists, Jacksonville, Florida. 2016
Interpretive Summary: This chapter provides information on symptoms and identification of fungal diseases and mycotoxin poisonings of poultry. It is intended for the use of poultry producers and avian veterinary pathologists.
Technical Abstract: Mold-related disease in avian species can be divided into two broad categories, namely mycoses and mycotoxicoses. Mycoses are typically defined as infection of tissue by a particular mold species. In general terms, Aspergillus, Dactylaria, and Microsporum are those molds most apt to be responsible for mycoses in avian species. Additionally, Candida, a genus of polymorphic yeasts (exhibiting yeast cells, hyphae and pseudohyphae) can also infect the upper gastrointestinal tract. All of these agents should be considered economically important to domestic poultry, however, Aspergillus is by far the most common.