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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Hilo, Hawaii » Daniel K. Inouye U.S. Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center » Tropical Crop and Commodity Protection Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #316751

Title: Draft genome sequence of Erwinia tracheiphila, an economically important bacterial pathogen of cucurbits

item SHAPIRO, LORI - Harvard University
item Scully, Erin
item ROBERTS, DANA - Pennsylvania State University
item STRAUB, TIMOTHY - Dartmouth College
item Geib, Scott
item PARK, JIHYE - Massachusetts General Hospital
item STEPHENSON, ANDREW - Pennsylvania State University
item LIU, QUIN - Iowa State University
item SALAAU, ROJAS - Iowa State University
item BEATTIE, GWYN - Iowa State University
item GLEASON, MARK - Iowa State University
item DE MORAES, CONSUELO - Eth Zurich
item MESCHER, MARK - Eth Zurich
item FLEISCHER, SHELBY - Pennsylvania State University
item KOLTER, ROBERTO - Harvard University
item PIERCE, NAOMI - Harvard University
item ZHAXYBAYEVA, OLGA - Dartmouth College

Submitted to: Genome Announcements
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/6/2015
Publication Date: 6/4/2015
Citation: Shapiro, L.R., Scully, E.D., Roberts, D., Straub, T.J., Geib, S.M., Park, J., Stephenson, A.G., Liu, Q., Salaau, R.E., Beattie, G., Gleason, M., De Moraes, C.D., Mescher, M.C., Fleischer, S.G., Kolter, R., Pierce, N., Zhaxybayeva, O. 2015. Draft genome sequence of Erwinia tracheiphila, an economically important bacterial pathogen of cucurbits. Genome Announcements. DOI: 10.1128/genomeA.00482-15.

Interpretive Summary: The bacterial plant pathogen Erwinia tracheiphila causes large scale agricultural losses of cucumber, melons, squashes, pumpkins, and gourds, in the Northeastern United States. It is transmitted to its host plants by the striped cucumber beetle, a common insect pest of gourds. The mechanisms by which this pathogen colonizes the digestive tract of the striped cucumber beetle and invades its plant hosts have remained uncharacterized. To understand the biology of this pathogen, the genome of an Erwinia tracheiphila strain isolated from a wild gourd at the Larsen Agricultural Research Center (The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA) was sequenced and genes related to virulence and pathogenicity were characterized.

Technical Abstract: Erwinia tracheiphila is one of the most economically important pathogen of cucumbers, melons, squashes, pumpkins, and gourds, in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States, yet the molecular pathology remains uninvestigated. Here we report the first draft genome sequence of an E. tracheiphila strain. This sequence, which was of a strain isolated from an infected wild gourd (Cucurbita pepo ssp. texana) plant, indicates the presence of at least 21 prophage elements.