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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Bio-oils Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #287607

Title: Lubrication properties of new crop oils

item Cermak, Steven - Steve
item Biresaw, Girma
item Isbell, Terry
item Evangelista, Roque
item Vaughn, Steven
item Murray, Rex

Submitted to: Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/15/2012
Publication Date: 5/5/2013
Citation: Cermak, S.C., Biresaw, G., Isbell, T., Evangelista, R.L., Vaughn, S.F., Murray, R.E. 2013. Lubrication properties of new crop oils. Proceedings of Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Annual Meeting & Exhibition, May 5-9, 2013, Detroit, Michigan. p. 68. [CDROM].

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Oils from new crops such as lesquerella (Lesquerella fendleri), field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.), meadowfoam (Limnanthes alba L.), and cuphea PSR-23 (Cuphea viscosissima × Cuphea lanceolata) were investigated and compared with vegetable oils from commodity crops such as castor, corn, and soybean. Each oil was investigated in three grades of purity: crude; refined bleached deodorized (RBD) and further purified over a silica column. Properties investigated include: fatty acid profiles, physical properties (density, viscosity, viscosity index, etc.), pour point, cloud point, oxidation stability, 4-ball anti-wear friction and wear. In general, the new crop oils were found to have specific unique advantages over traditional commodity vegetable oils. Spider plots were used to compare new crop oils on a defined goodness scale to commercial oils.