Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/4/2011
Publication Date: 6/3/2011
Citation: Cheng, H.N., Klasson, K.T., Biswas, A. 2011. Synthesis and characterization of novel derivatives from vegetable oils (abstract). 24th International Symposium on Polymer Analysis and Characterization. Paper No. P4.
Technical Abstract: As part of our interest in utilizing vegetable oils as cheap and bio-renewable raw materials, we have found derivatization reactions, particularly with nitrogen-containing reagents, to be good pathways to achieve a range of new vegetable oil-based products. In this presentation an overview is given of our efforts in this area. One of our approaches is to derivatize epoxidized soybean oil and methyl epoxy soyate through environmentally friendly reactions. Thus, amination reactions are relatively easy to carry out and provide several examples of interesting products. The click reaction is another example whereby new vegetable oil-based materials can be made through the reaction of an azide and phenylacetylene. These structural modifications are tools that permit specific molecular groups to be attached to vegetable oils or their methyl esters in order to improve specific properties. With suitable modifications, it may be possible to produce vegetable oil-based materials with potential applications in lubrication, heat resistance, uv protection, drug encapsulation, and surfactancy. The materials generated in this work have been fully characterized by NMR.