Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/20/2011
Publication Date: 3/20/2011
Citation: Ward, T.J., O Donnell, K., Sampietro, D., Boutigny, A., Viljoen, A. 2011. Global molecular surveillance provides a framework for understanding diversity within the Fusarium graminearum species complex. Meeting Abstract. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Members of the Fusarium graminearum species complex (FGSC) are responsible for diseases of a variety of cereal crops worldwide. These species also are a significant food-safety concern because they contaminate grain with trichothecene mycotoxins that inhibit eukaryotic protein synthesis and can modulate immune function. In order to establish a global picture of FGSC diversity, a recently developed multilocus genotyping assay was used to assess species and trichothecene chemotype diversity among a world-wide collection of more than 8,000 FGSC isolates. The results revealed: 1) substantial regional variation in species and trichothecene chemotype composition and diversity, 2) recent changes in diversity and composition due to transcontinental movement, and 3) evidence of species-specific differences in host preference. In addition, the global population structure of F. graminearum was analyzed using variable number tandem repeat markers. Significant population differentiation was observed within this mycotoxigenic cereal pathogen, and evidence of the recent transcontinental movement of populations followed by limited genetic exchange between resident and introduced populations was uncovered.