Submitted to: American Chemical Society Symposium Series
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/8/2009
Publication Date: 12/20/2009
Publication URL: http://doi:10.1021/bk-2009-1031.pr001
Citation: Appell, M.D., Kendra, D.F., Trucksess, M.W. 2009. Preface. In: American Chemical Society Symposium Series, Mycotoxin Prevention and Control in Agriculture. Washington D.C.: American Chemical Society. pp. xi-xii. Interpretive Summary:
Technical Abstract: Mycotoxins are naturally occurring secondary metabolites produced by molds, particularly under conditions that are suitable for mold growth but stressful for the susceptible host plants to resist mold invasion. These toxins are a great concern to the agricultural industry for the health risks posed to humans and animals. Furthermore, mycotoxins contamination negatively impacts livestock production, commodity values, and international trades. Factors contributing to mycotoxin production include, region of farming, stress on the plant and fungi, harvest, weather, post-harvest, transportation, and storage conditions. Although there is a lack of consensus for the purpose of mycotoxin biosynthesis, the outcome of toxin production is mycotoxicoses, human and animal diseases. A wide-range of efforts is implemented to reduce exposure, including a multitude of pre-harvest and post-harvest approaches.