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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #207092

Title: Plant Pathogen Culture Collections: It Takes a Village to Preserve These Resources Vital to the Advancement of Agricultural Security and Plant Pathology

item Kang, Seogchang
item Blair, Jaime
item Geiser, David
item Khang, Chang-hyun
item Park, Sook-young
item Gahegan, Mark
item O`donnell, Kerry
item Luster, Douglas - Doug
item Kim, Seong
item Ivors, Kelly
item Lee, Yong-hwan
item Lee, Yin-won
item Grunwald, Niklaus - Nik
item Martin, Frank
item Coffey, Michael
item Veeraraghavan, Narayanan
item Makalowska, Izabela

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/17/2006
Publication Date: 8/31/2006
Citation: Kang, S., Blair, J.E., Geiser, D.M., Khang, C., Park, S., Gahegan, M., O Donnell, K., Luster, D.G., Kim, S.H., Ivors, K.L., Lee, Y., Lee, Y., Grunwald, N.J., Martin, F.N., Coffey, M.D., Veeraraghavan, N., Makalowska, I. 2006. Plant pathogen culture collections: It takes a village to preserve these resources vital to the advancement of agricultural security and plant pathology. Phytopathology. 96:920-925.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Plant pathogen culture collections are essential resources in our fight against plant disease and for connecting discoveries of the present with established knowledge of the past. However, available infrastructure in support of culture collections is in serious need of improvement, and we continually face the risk of losing many of these collections. As novel and reemerging plant pathogens threaten agriculture, their timely identification and monitoring depends on rapid access to cultures representing the known diversity of plant pathogens along with genotypic, phenotypic, and epidemiological data associated with them. Archiving such data in a format that can be easily accessed and searched is essential for rapid assessment of potential risk and can help track the change and movement of pathogens. The under-explored pathogen diversity in nature further underscores the importance of cataloguing pathogen cultures. Realizing the potential of pathogen genomics as a foundation for developing effective disease control also hinges on how effectively we use the sequenced isolate as a reference to understand the genetic and phenotypic diversity within a pathogen species. In this letter, we propose a number of measures for improving pathogen culture collections.