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ARS Home » Plains Area » Grand Forks, North Dakota » Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center » Healthy Body Weight Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #402657

Research Project: Dietary and Physical Activity Guidance for Weight Loss and Maintenance

Location: Healthy Body Weight Research

Title: Multidisciplinary collaboration for development of culturally appropriate local, traditional indigenous dietary intervention

item Hess, Julie
item Comeau, Madeline
item BOURBOUN, JACOB - University Of North Dakota
item SCHEET, ANGELA - University Of North Dakota
item FOSSUM, DEBRA - University Of North Dakota
item PELTIER, MARY JO - University Of North Dakota
item KITZES, EDWIN - United Tribes Technical College
item Friedrichsen, Claire
item MCDONALD, LEANDER - United Tribes Technical College
item BRUNELLE, DALE - Oak Ridge Institute For Science And Education (ORISE)
item Roemmich, James

Submitted to: American Society for Nutrition
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/6/2023
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Objective: The USDA-ARS Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center (GFHNRC) is located within close geographic proximity to several federally recognized tribal communities. These communities experience greater rates of health disparities than surrounding areas in part due to a forced transition away from traditional diets. This study protocol will be used to develop a dietary intervention (menu) based on traditional Indigenous foods local to the Northern Great Plains area. Methods: The menu will be informed by three key factors- 1. Nutrient composition; 2. Traditional foods consumed by Indigenous communities in the Northern Great Plains; 3. Practicality. Because Indigenous communities do not traditionally consume dairy, the Healthy Eating Index is not appropriate for assessing diet quality. Nutrient composition will be used to assess healthfulness. Food pattern modeling will be applied to the Healthy U.S.-Style Dietary Pattern (HUSDP) from the 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) to determine the nutrient composition of a 2400 kcal eating pattern, which will be used as the goal nutrient composition for our dietary intervention. To define “traditional” foods consumed by Indigenous communities in the Northern Great Plains, a list of foods and beverages consumed by Indigenous peoples in this area prior to 1851 (when the Indian Appropriations Act established reservations) will be developed. Finally, this menu must be practical for preparation in modern kitchens and consumption by contemporary consumers. Results: A historian specializing in Indigenous studies will develop a list of foods, ingredients, and recipes commonly used and consumed by Indigenous people in what is now the Northern Great Plains area. This list of food items will be developed into a nutrient-dense menu and compared to the nutrient composition of the HUSDP from the 2020 DGA. This menu will then be prepared by staff at the GFHNRC working with Indigenous professionals experienced in preparing traditional foods. Conclusions: This project will develop a nutrient-dense, traditional, and practical Indigenous foods menu specific to the Northern Great Plains that will then be used in a dietary intervention trial to assess spontaneous physical activity change with the consumption of a traditional Indigenous diet compared to a standard Western diet.