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Research Project: Intervention Strategies to Predict, Prevent, and Control Emerging Strains of Virulent Newcastle Disease Viruses

Location: Exotic & Emerging Avian Viral Diseases Research

Title: Complete genome sequence of an avian orthoavulavirus 13 strain detected in Ukraine

item GORAICHUK, IRYNA - Orise Fellow
item MUZYKA, DENYS - National Scientific Center
item GAIDASH, OLEKSANDR - National Scientific Center
item GERILOVYCH, ANTON - National Scientific Center
item STEGNIY, BORYS - National Scientific Center
item Pantin Jackwood, Mary
item Miller, Patti
item Afonso, Claudio
item Suarez, David

Submitted to: Microbiology Resource Announcements
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/17/2023
Publication Date: 5/31/2023
Citation: Goraichuk, I.V., Muzyka, D., Gaidash, O., Gerilovych, A., Stegniy, B., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Miller, P.J., Afonso, C.L., Suarez, D.L. 2023. Complete genome sequence of an avian orthoavulavirus 13 strain detected in Ukraine. Microbiology Resource Announcements. 23. Article e00197.

Interpretive Summary: As part of a wild bird study in Ukraine, cloacal samples were taken from wild birds with the goal of identifying avian influenza or Newcastle disease viruses. In a sample from a white fronted goose, an isolation of a virus was made that was not avian influenza or Newcastle disease. To identify the virus, a technique known as Next Generation Sequencing was used and the complete genome was determined from the virus. The isolate was identified as an avian paramyxovirus subtype 13, and the sequence represents one of the few full length sequences publicly available. The virus was similar to another goose virus from Kazakhstan isolated in the same year. This supports the idea that this virus is common in migratory birds in this region. The virus is not associated with wild bird or poultry disease.

Technical Abstract: We report the complete genome sequence of an avian orthoavulavirus 13 strain, isolated from a white-fronted goose in the Odesa region of Ukraine in 2013. The detection of avian orthoavulavirus 13 in Ukraine confirms that the geographic distribution of this virus extends beyond Asia.