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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #396671

Research Project: Improving Food Safety by Controlling Mycotoxin Contamination and Enhancing Climate Resilience of Wheat and Barley

Location: Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research

Title: Editorial: Fusarium pathogenesis: Infection mechanisms and disease progression in host plants

item BECCARI, GIOVANNI - University Of Perugia
item Hao, Guixia
item HUIQUAN, LIU - Northwest A&f University

Submitted to: Frontiers in Plant Science
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/9/2022
Publication Date: 10/12/2022
Citation: Beccari, G., Hao, G., Huiquan, L. 2022. Editorial: Fusarium pathogenesis: Infection mechanisms and disease progression in host plants. Frontiers in Plant Science. 13: Article 1020404.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: The genus Fusarium is one of the most economically important groups of fungal plant pathogens that cause serious diseases of many crops worldwide. The diseases reduce yield, thereby resulting in economic losses. In addition, some Fusarium spp. can produce mycotoxins that contaminate infected grains and pose a threat to human and animal health. Fusarium spp. employ intricate mechanisms to overcome plant defenses. The fungus invades the host and colonizes it utilizing various infection strategies. The understanding of the mechanisms that Fusarium use to overcome host defenses will provide novel targets to control diseases. Therefore, this Research Topic aimed to highlight the recent works on economically important species of Fusarium and their interactions with their hosts. The articles cover important outcomes of Fusarium pathogenesis, including biology of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. apii (Foa) race 4 and its host-pathogen interactions, characterization of an effector F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 4, comparison of effectors between an endophytic and pathogenic F. oxysporum, tissue-specific reactive oxygen species induced by chitin in wheat, Fusarium wilt of banana (FWB) exacerbated by nitrogen fertilizer, overexpression of a lectin receptor-like kinase to enhance tomato confers resistance to F. oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici, identification Fusarium wilt of banana (FWB) may be exacerbated by nitrogen (N) fertilizer, identification of TaWAK-6D, a wall-associated kinase (WAK) that it confers resistance to both F. pseudograminearum and R. cerealis infection, and evaluation of FHB resistance in more than 400 wheat lines with natural infection in different locations. In conclusion, the collection of articles on this Research Topic demonstrates the dense network of relationships that occur during Fusarium-plant interactions. The collected contributions have highlighted the key factors that surely will contribute to control this important group of plant pathogens.