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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #396455

Research Project: Improving Food Safety by Controlling Mycotoxin Contamination and Enhancing Climate Resilience of Wheat and Barley

Location: Mycotoxin Prevention and Applied Microbiology Research

Title: Effects of trichothecene production by Trichoderma arundinaceum isolates from bean-field soils on the defense response, growth and development of bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris)

item CARDOZA, ROSA - University Of Leon
item MAYO-PRIETO, SARA - University Of Leon
item MARTINEZ-REYES, NATALIA - University Of Leon
item McCormick, Susan
item CARRO-HUERGA, GUZMAN - University Of Leon
item CAMPELO, M - University Of Leon
item RODRIGUEZ-GONZALEZ, ALVARO - University Of Leon
item LORENZANA, ALICIA - University Of Leon
item Proctor, Robert
item CASQUERO, PEDRO - University Of Leon
item GUTIERRIEZ, SANTIAGO - University Of Leon

Submitted to: Frontiers in Plant Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/18/2022
Publication Date: 11/14/2022
Citation: Cardoza, R.E., Mayo-Prieto, S., Martinez-Reyes, N., McCormick, S.P., Carro-Huerga, G., Campelo, M.P., Rodriguez-Gonzalez, A., Lorenzana, A., Proctor, R.H., Casquero, P.A., Gutierriez, S. 2022. Effects of trichothecene production by Trichoderma arundinaceum isolates from bean-field soils on the defense response, growth and development of bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris). Frontiers in Plant Science. 13. Article 1005906.

Interpretive Summary: Common bean is the third most important food legume crop worldwide, surpassed by only soybean and peanut. Bean crops are susceptible to fungal root diseases. In the bean-growing region of the northern Spanish province of Leon, root rots, and grey and white molds are estimated to reduce bean yields by 50%. The need for sustainable strategies to control these bean fungal diseases has focused attention on biological control agents like the fungus Trichoderma. Researchers in Leon Spain, in collaboration with ARS researchers in Peoria, Illinois, isolated Trichoderma strains from bean field soil and determined their antifungal activity as well as the effects of these Trichoderma strains on bean plant health. The research identified three Trichoderma strains that produce non-toxic fungal metabolites that induce plant defenses without negatively affecting seed germination or plant growth. Such knowledge contributes to assessments of the safety and effectiveness of the fungus as biological control agent.

Technical Abstract: The trichothecene toxin-producing fungus Trichoderma arundinaceum has potential as a biological control agent. However, most biocontrol studies have focused only on one strain, IBT 40837. In the current study, three Trichoderma isolates recovered from bean-field soils produced the trichothecene harzianum A (HA) and trichodermol, the latter being an intermediate in the HA biosynthesis. Based on phylogenetic analysis, the three isolates were assigned to the species T. arundinaceum. Their genome sequences had a high degree of similarity to the reference IBT 40837 strain, in terms of total genome size, number of predicted genes, and diversity of putative secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters. HA production by these bean-field isolates conferred significant in vitro antifungal activity against Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, which are some of the most important bean pathogens. Furthermore, the bean-field isolates stimulated germination of bean seeds and subsequent growth of above ground parts of the bean plant. Transcriptomic analysis of bean plants inoculated with these T. arundinaceum bean-field soil isolates indicated that HA production significantly affected expression of plant defense-related genes; this effect was particularly significant in the expression of chitinase-encoding genes. Together, these results indicate that Trichoderma species producing non-phytotoxic trichothecenes can induce defenses in plants without negatively affecting germination and development