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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Little Rock, Arkansas » Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #395451

Research Project: Impact of Maternal Influence and Early Dietary Factors on Child Growth, Development, and Metabolic Health

Location: Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center

Title: Associations between maternal diet, body composition and gut microbial ecology in pregnancy

Author
item RUEBEL, MEGHAN - University Of Colorado
item GILLEY, STEPHANIE - University Of Colorado
item SIMS, CLARK - Arkansas Children'S Nutrition Research Center (ACNC)
item ZHONG, YING - Arkansas Children'S Nutrition Research Center (ACNC)
item TURNER, DONALD - Arkansas Children'S Nutrition Research Center (ACNC)
item CHINTAPALLI, SREE - University Arkansas For Medical Sciences (UAMS)
item PICCOLO, BRIAN - Arkansas Children'S Nutrition Research Center (ACNC)
item ANDRES, ALINE - University Arkansas For Medical Sciences (UAMS)
item SHANKAR, KARTIK - University Of Colorado

Submitted to: Nutrients
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/17/2021
Publication Date: 9/21/2021
Citation: Ruebel, M.L., Gilley, S.P., Sims, C.R., Zhong, Y., Turner, D., Chintapalli, S.V., Piccolo, B.D., Andres, A., Shankar, K. 2021. Associations between maternal diet, body composition and gut microbial ecology in pregnancy. Nutrients. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093295.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093295

Interpretive Summary: Maternal body composition, weight gain during pregnancy and diet quality influence offspring obesity risk. While the gut microbiome (the bacteria normally found in the gut) is thought to play an important role, it is understudied in pregnancy, and this was the focus of this study. Findings demonstrated that the amount of specific bacteria groups were different across the stages of pregnancy. Also, mothers with obesity had an increase in some bacteria groups. Some bacteria groups were related to specific maternal dietary components such as total fat, unsaturated fats, and protein. Although more studies are needed, these results show that there is an interaction between pregnancy, maternal obesity, maternal diet, and the maternal gut microbiome.

Technical Abstract: Maternal body composition, gestational weight gain (GWG) and diet quality influence offspring obesity risk. While the gut microbiome is thought to play a crucial role, it is understudied in pregnancy. Using a longitudinal pregnancy cohort, maternal anthropometrics, body composition, fecal microbiome and dietary intake were assessed at 12, 24 and 36 weeks of gestation. Fecal samples (n = 101, 98 and 107, at each trimester, respectively) were utilized for microbiome analysis via 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. Data analysis included alpha- and beta-diversity measures and assessment of compositional changes using MaAsLin2. Correlation analyses of serum metabolic and anthropometric markers were performed against bacterial abundance and predicted functional pathways. a-diversity was unaltered by pregnancy stage or maternal obesity status. Actinobacteria, Lachnospiraceae, Akkermansia, Bifidobacterium, Streptococcus and Anaerotuncus abundances were associated with gestation stage. Maternal obesity status was associated with increased abundance of Lachnospiraceae, Bilophila, Dialister and Roseburia. Maternal BMI, fat mass, triglyceride and insulin levels were positively associated with Bilophila. Correlations of bacterial abundance with diet intake showed that Ruminococcus and Paraprevotella were associated with total fat and unsaturated fatty acid intake, while Collinsella and Anaerostipes were associated with protein intake. While causal relationships remain unclear, collectively, these findings indicate pregnancy- and maternal obesity-dependent interactions between dietary factors and the maternal gut microbiome.