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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stuttgart, Arkansas » Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #388797

Research Project: Gene Discovery and Crop Design for Current and New Rice Management Practices and Market Opportunities

Location: Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center

Title: Identification of Sheath Blight QTL in a LaGrue x O. nivara rice advanced backcross population

Author
item Eizenga, Georgia
item LI, DANTING - Guangxi Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
item Jia, Melissa
item Huggins, Trevis
item Jackson, Aaron

Submitted to: Euphytica
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/4/2022
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Sheath blight disease, caused by the Rhizoctonia solani fungus, is one of the most prevalent fungal diseases of cultivated rice and results in significant economic damage to rice production worldwide. No source of complete resistance to sheath blight disease has been identified in cultivated rice (Oryza sativa). The wild Oryza species, which are closely related to cultivated rice, are a potential source of important traits including new resistance genes to fight pests like sheath blight disease. O. nivara is a wild ancestral species that can be successfully crossed with cultivated rice. The objective of this research was to identify the chromosomal location(s) of possible sheath blight resistance gene(s) in an O. nivara accession that previously demonstrated moderate resistance to sheath blight disease in greenhouse studies. The goal of this study was to identify these potential resistance genes and transfer them into the popular southern U.S. long grain variety, LaGrue, which is susceptible to sheath blight disease. One major chromosomal region was identified associated with sheath blight resistance contributed from the O. nivara parent. This region was previously identified in cultivated rice but the O. nivara species may have a different resistance gene that can be used in the development of new rice varieties that will decrease crop vulnerability to this important disease.

Technical Abstract: Oryza nivara is considered one of the wild progenitors of cultivated Asian rice (O. sativa). An O. nivara (IRGC104443) accession, previously identified as being moderately resistant to rice sheath blight disease, was used as the donor parent to develop an advanced backcross population with the U.S. rice (O. sativa) cultivar, LaGrue, as the recurrent parent. The population was genotyped with 210 DNA markers and a linkage map constructed that spanned 1488.9 cM. Sheath blight (ShB) disease was evaluated in both greenhouse and field conditions. Days to heading (DTHD), plant height (PTHT) and culm (angle) habit (CULMHAB) were recorded because they can confound sheath blight disease ratings under field conditions. Multiple interval mapping identified qShB9 as the ShB-QTL being the source of resistance and the resistance was attributed to the O. nivara allele. The single CULMHAB QTL, qCULMHAB9, was also located in this region but had a different peak suggesting the more open tillering habit was most likely due to the tiller angle control-1 gene which was fine-mapped near the chromosome 9 sheath blight resistance in other O. sativa populations. The ShB QTL, qShB3-2, identified in the greenhouse study was not verified in field studies. None of the three DTHD QTL were colocalized with ShB QTL, while the single PTHT QTL was mapped to the region of the semi-dwarf-1 gene for short stature on chromosome 1. These results indicate that sheath blight resistance QTL can be selected that are independent of delayed heading and tall plant height ,the traits that are associated with disease escape but are undesirable in cultivated rice. Further studies will be undertaken to fine map the qShB9 region and identify linked markers for use in cultivar development.