Skip to main content
ARS Home » Midwest Area » West Lafayette, Indiana » National Soil Erosion Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #388104

Research Project: Conservation Practice Impacts on Water Quality at Field and Watershed Scales

Location: National Soil Erosion Research

Title: P-FLUX: A phosphorus budget dataset spanning diverse agricultural production systems in the United States and Canada

Author
item Williams, Mark
item WELIKHE, PAULINE - Purdue University
item Bos, Janae
item King, Kevin
item AKLAND, MARK - University Of Kentucky
item Augustine, David
item Baffaut, Claire
item BECK, GLYNN - University Of Kentucky
item Bierer, Andrew
item Bosch, David - Dave
item BOUGHTON, ELIZABETH - Archbold Biological Station
item BRANDANI, CAROLINA - New Mexico State University
item BROOKS, ERIN - University Of Idaho
item Buda, Anthony
item Cavigelli, Michel
item FAULKNER, JOSHUA - University Of Vermont
item Feyereisen, Gary
item Fortuna, Ann Marie
item Gamble, Joshua
item Hanrahan, Brittany
item HUSSAIN, MIR ZAMAN - Michigan State University
item KOHMANN, MARTA - University Of Florida
item Kovar, John
item LEE, BRAD - University Of Kentucky
item Leytem, April
item Liebig, Mark
item LINE, DANIEL - North Carolina State University
item MACRAE, MERRIN - University Of Waterloo
item Moorman, Thomas
item Moriasi, Daniel
item NELSON, NATHAN - Kansas State University
item ORTEGA-PIECK, ALINE - University Of Idaho
item OSMOND, DEANNA - North Carolina State University
item Pisani, Oliva
item RAGOSTA, JOHN - New Mexico State University
item Reba, Michele
item SAHA, AMARTYA - Archbold Biological Station
item SANCHEZ, JOAO - University Of Florida
item SILVEIRA, MARIA - University Of Florida
item Smith, Douglas
item Spiegal, Sheri
item SWAIN, HILARY - Archbold Biological Station
item UNRINE, JASON - University Of Kentucky
item WEBB, PEARL - University Of Arkansas
item White, Kathryn
item WILSON, HENRY - Agriculture And Agri-Food Canada
item Witthaus, Lindsey

Submitted to: Journal of Environmental Quality
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 3/22/2022
Publication Date: 4/25/2022
Citation: Williams, M.R., Welikhe, P., Bos, J.H., King, K.W., Akland, M., Augustine, D.J., Baffaut, C., Beck, G., Bierer, A.M., Bosch, D.D., Boughton, E., Brandani, C., Brooks, E., Buda, A.R., Cavigelli, M.A., Faulkner, J., Feyereisen, G.W., Fortuna, A., Gamble, J.D., Hanrahan, B.R., Hussain, M., Kohmann, M., Kovar, J.L., Lee, B., Leytem, A.B., Liebig, M.A., Line, D., Macrae, M., Moorman, T.B., Moriasi, D.N., Nelson, N., Ortega-Pieck, A., Osmond, D., Pisani, O., Ragosta, J., Reba, M.L., Saha, A., Sanchez, J., Silveira, M., Smith, D.R., Spiegal, S.A., Swain, H., Unrine, J., Webb, P., White, K.E., Wilson, H., Witthaus, L.M. 2022. P-FLUX: A phosphorus budget dataset spanning diverse agricultural production systems in the United States and Canada. Journal of Environmental Quality. 51:451–461. https://doi.org/10.1002/jeq2.20351.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jeq2.20351

Interpretive Summary: Phosphorus is an essential nutrient for crop growth and is routinely applied to agricultural lands; however, small amounts of phosphorus entering surface waters can cause eutrophication and harmful algal blooms. This paper describes the P-FLUX dataset, which is a detailed and harmonized dataset of phosphorus (P) inputs, outputs and budgets that were collected from 24 research locations and 61 production systems. In the paper, we describe the dataset, provide an overview of the data, and provide details about how to access the dataset. Phosphorus fluxes and budgets vary across agricultural production systems and are useful resources to improve P use efficiency and develop management strategies to mitigate environmental impacts of agricultural systems.

Technical Abstract: Quantifying spatial and temporal fluxes of phosphorus (P) within and among agricultural production systems is critical for sustaining agricultural production while minimizing environmental impacts. To better understand P fluxes in agricultural landscapes, P-FLUX, a detailed and harmonized dataset of P inputs, P outputs, and P budgets, as well as estimated uncertainties for each P flux and budget, was developed. Data were collected from 24 research sites and 61 production systems through the Long-Term Agroecosystem Research (LTAR) Network and partner organizations spanning 22 U.S. states and 2 Canadian provinces. The objectives of this paper are to 1) present and provide a description of the P-FLUX dataset; 2) provide summary analyses of the agricultural production systems included in the dataset and the variability in P inputs and P outputs across systems; and 3) provide details about how to access the dataset. P-FLUX includes information on select site characteristics (area, soil series), crop rotation, P inputs (P application rate, P source, P timing, P placement, P in irrigation water, atmospheric P deposition), P outputs (crop P removal, hydrologic P losses), P budgets (agronomic budget, overall budget), uncertainties associated with each flux and budget, and data sources. Phosphorus fluxes and budgets vary across agricultural production systems and are useful resources to improve P use efficiency and develop management strategies to mitigate environmental impacts of agricultural systems. P-FLUX is available for download through the USDA Ag Data Commons.