Skip to main content
ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Fiber Bioscience and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #386114

Research Project: Innovative Approaches for Value Added Cotton-Containing Nonwovens

Location: Cotton Fiber Bioscience and Utilization Research

Title: Ultraviolet-blocking protective textiles

item RAHAMN, SAIFUR - University Of Texas - El Paso
item ALOM, JAHANGIR - University Of Rajshahi
item NITAI, ASHIS - University Of Rajshahi
item HASAN, SAIF - University Of Rajshahi
item AHMED, MOHAMMAD - Gwangju Institute Of Science And Technology
item Nam, Sunghyun
item MONDAL, IBRAHIM - University Of Rajshahi

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/5/2021
Publication Date: 6/15/2022
Citation: Rahamn, S., Alom, J., Nitai, A.S., Hasan, S., Ahmed, M.B., Nam, S., Mondal, I.H. 2022. Ultraviolet-blocking protective textiles. Book Chapter.

Interpretive Summary: Natural source-based UV protective textiles are essential shelters for protecting human skin from hazardous UVR. Conventional UV absorbers have been employed in natural source-based textiles to protect human skin from UVR. However, recent studies demonstrated limitations of implementing these chemicals because of toxicity, insufficient activity, and weak washing fastness. By applying different novel organic and inorganic UV absorbers, the UV protection ability of textile clothing could be enhanced. In this case, the application of inorganic nanoparticles showed outstanding and durable protection against harmful UVR. Considering the toxicological effect and human health risk perspective, natural source-based UV-blockers prefer moderate UVPF value to inorganic nanoparticles.

Technical Abstract: Ultraviolet rays constitute a meager fraction of the solar spectrum. Still, they influence all living organisms and their metabolisms, and these radiations can cause a range of effects from simple tanning to highly malignant skin cancers if unprotected. Protecting human skin against harmful UV radiation is an acute problem nowadays. Developing textiles with UV protection functionality has been widely researched up to now. Natural fibers got ample attention over synthetic fibers due to their excellent properties, such as hygroscopicity, air permeability, biodegradability, etc., for making textile goods. The UV-protection properties of textile depending on several factors, such as fiber content, weave, used dyes, finishing processes, and should be between 40 and 50+, categorize the clothing cotton fabrics with excellent UV protection. This book chapter deals with the pros and cons of ultraviolet radiation on human beings and the role of natural source-based textile clothing, and the chemicals used for textiles to protect from their harmful effects.