Location: Nutrition, Growth and PhysiologyTitle: Methyl donor supplementation alters cytosine methylation and biological processes of cells cultured in divergent glucose media reflecting improvements in mitochondrial respiration and cell growth rate
|DINIZ, WELLISON - North Dakota State University|
|CATON, JOEL - North Dakota State University|
|DAHLEN, CARL - North Dakota State University|
|REYNOLDS, LAWRENCE - North Dakota State University|
|BOROWICZ, PAWEL - North Dakota State University|
|WARD, ALISON - North Dakota State University|
Submitted to: Journal of Animal Science Supplement
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/22/2020
Publication Date: 5/7/2021
Citation: Crouse, M.S., Diniz, W.J., Caton, J.S., Dahlen, C.R., Reynolds, L.P., Borowicz, P.P., Ward, A.K. 2021. Methyl donor supplementation alters cytosine methylation and biological processes of cells cultured in divergent glucose media reflecting improvements in mitochondrial respiration and cell growth rate [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science. 99(Supplement 1):109. https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skab054.178.
Technical Abstract: We hypothesized that supplementation of one-carbon metabolites (OCM: methionine, folate, choline, and vitamin B12) to bovine embryonic tracheal fibroblasts in divergent glucose media would alter cytosine methylation, and alterations in cytosine methylation will reflect biological processes matching previously improved mitochondrial respiration, cell proliferation, and cell growth rate data. Cells were cultured with 1g/L glucose (Low) or 4.5g/L glucose (High). Control medium (CON) contained basal concentrations of folate (0.001g/L), choline (0.001g/L), vitamin B12 (4µg/L), and methionine (0.015g/L). The OCM were supplemented at 2.5 and 5 times (2.5X and 5X, respectively) the CON media, except methionine was limited to 2X across all supplemented treatments. Cells were passaged three times in their treatment media before DNA extraction. Reduced representation bisulfite sequencing was adopted to analyze and compare the genomic methylation patterns within and across treatments using edgeR. Biological processes (BP) were retrieved based on the nearest genes of differentially methylated cytosines (P<0.01) for each comparison between treatments. In both Low and High treatments, greater OCM increased the proportion of hypomethylated vs. hypermethylated cytosines. Functional analyses pointed out positive regulation of BP related to energy metabolism, except for the contrasts within the High group. Among the BP, we can highlight positive regulation of: GTPase activity, catalytic activity, molecular function, protein modification processes, phosphorylation, protein phosphorylation, cellular protein metabolic processes, MAPK cascade, and metabolic processes. These data support previously reported results from this experiment that showed increased mitochondrial respiration, cell proliferation, and growth rates with increasing OCM levels. We interpret these data to imply that when energy and OCM requirements are met for growth and basal methylation levels, DNA methylation levels decrease which may allow for greater transcription. Thus, OCM can be utilized for other functions such as polyamine synthesis, nucleotide synthesis, energetic metabolites, and phosphatidylcholine synthesis.