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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Stuttgart, Arkansas » Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Cntr » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #376533

Research Project: Enhancing the Production of Hybrid Striped Bass Through Improved Genetics, Nutrition, Production Management, and Fish Health

Location: Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Cntr

Title: The status of striped bass Morone saxatilis as a commercially ready species for U.S. marine aquaculture

Author
item ANDERSEN, LINNEA - North Carolina State University
item Abernathy, Jason
item BERLINSKY, DAVID - University Of New Hampshire
item BOLTON, GREG - North Carolina State University
item BOOKER, MATTHEW - North Carolina State University
item BORSKI, RUSSELL - North Carolina State University
item BROWN, TRAVIS - Brunswick Community College
item CERINO, DAVID - Carteret Community College
item CIARAMELLA, MICHAEL - Cornell University - New York
item CLARK, ROBERT - North Carolina State University
item FRINSKO, MICHAEL - North Carolina Cooperative Extension
item Fuller, Adam
item GABEL, STEVE - North Carolina Cooperative Extension
item Green, Bartholomew - Bart
item HERBST, ERIC - North Carolina Sea Grant
item HODSON, RONALD - North Carolina State University
item HOPPER, MICHAEL - North Carolina State University
item KENTER, LINAS - University Of New Hampshire
item LOPEZ, FRANK - North Carolina Sea Grant
item MCGINTY, ANDREW - North Carolina State University
item NASH, BARRY - North Carolina Sea Grant
item PARKER, MATTHEW - Maryland Sea Grant
item PIGG, STACEY - North Carolina State University
item Rawles, Steven - Steve
item RILEY, KENNETH - National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
item TURANO, MARC - Cargill, Incorporated
item Webster, Carl
item WEIRICH, CHARLES - National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
item WON, EUGENE - Cornell University - New York
item WOODS, L. CURRY - University Of Maryland
item READING, BENJAMIN - North Carolina State University

Submitted to: Journal of the World Aquaculture Society
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/10/2021
Publication Date: 5/24/2021
Citation: Andersen, L., Abernathy, J.W., Berlinsky, D., Bolton, G., Booker, M., Borski, R., Brown, T., Cerino, D., Ciaramella, M., Clark, R., Frinsko, M.O., Fuller, S.A., Gabel, S., Green, B.W., Herbst, E., Hodson, R.G., Hopper, M., Kenter, L.W., Lopez, F., Mcginty, A.S., Nash, B., Parker, M., Pigg, S., Rawles, S.D., Riley, K., Turano, M.J., Webster, C.D., Weirich, C., Won, E., Woods, L., Reading, B.J. 2021. The status of striped bass Morone saxatilis as a commercially ready species for U.S. marine aquaculture. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12812.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12812

Interpretive Summary: Striped bass (Morone saxatilis) is native to the North American Atlantic Coast and it is well recognized and regarded as one of the most important recreational fisheries in the United States. Decades of research have been conducted on striped bass and hybrid striped bass (striped bass x white bass M. chrysops) and culture methods have been established, in particular for the hybrid striped bass, which is the fourth largest finfish aquaculture industry in the nation ($50 million USD). Domestic striped bass have been bred since the 1990s and are available from the government for commercial fry production using recently developed hormone-free methods along with traditional hormone-induced tank and strip spawning. No commercial scale intensive larval rearing technologies have been developed at present and fingerling production is conducted in fertilized freshwater ponds. Here we present the current status of striped bass aquaculture in the United States, including genetics, nutrition, and production parameters along with economic opportunities for breeders and producers.

Technical Abstract: Striped bass (Morone saxatilis) is an anadromous fish native to the North American Atlantic Coast and it is well recognized and regarded as one of the most important recreational fisheries in the United States. Decades of research have been conducted on striped bass and its hybrid (striped bass x white bass M. chrysops) and culture methods have been established, in particular for the hybrid striped bass, which is the fourth largest finfish aquaculture industry in the nation ($50 million USD). Domestic striped bass have been bred since the 1990s and are available from the government for commercial fry production using recently developed hormone-free methods along with traditional hormone-induced tank and strip spawning. No commercial scale intensive larval rearing technologies have been developed at present and fingerling production is conducted in fertilized freshwater ponds. Striped bass can be grown out in marine (32 ppt) or freshwater (< 5 ppt), however they require high hardness (200+ ppm) and some salinity (8-10 ppt) to offset handling stress. Juveniles must be 1-10 g/fish prior to stocking into marine water. Commercially available fingerling, growout, and broodstock feeds are available from several vendors. Striped bass may reach 1.36 kg/fish in recirculating aquaculture by 18 months and as much as 2.27 kg/fish by 24 months. Farm gate value of striped bass has not been determined, although seasonally available harvested striped bass are valued at about $6.50 USD/kg and cultured hybrid striped bass are valued at about $8.45 to $9.25 USD/kg whole; the farm gate value for cultured striped bass may be as much as $10.00 USD or more per kg depending on demand. The ideal market size is between 1.36 and 2.72 kg/fish, which is considerably larger than the 0.68 to 0.90 kg/fish for the hybrid striped bass market.