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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Athens, Georgia » U.S. National Poultry Research Center » Endemic Poultry Viral Diseases Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #376376

Research Project: Enhancing Genetic Resistance to Marek’s Disease in Poultry

Location: Endemic Poultry Viral Diseases Research

Title: Avian genomics

item Cheng, Hans
item WARREN, WESLEY - University Of Missouri
item ZHOU, HUAIJUN - University Of California, Davis

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/11/2021
Publication Date: 12/28/2021
Citation: Cheng, H.H., Warren, W.C., Zhou, H. 2021. Avian genomics. Book Chapter. In: Scanes, Collin G., Dridi, Sami, editors. Sturkie's Avian Physiology. 7th edition. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. p. 7-16.

Interpretive Summary: The goal is this chapter is to target avian physiologists that might not be aware of the field of genomics. Specifically, we briefly summarize the current status of avian genome assemblies with the focus on chicken, as this is the most developed avian species to date, and common approaches that focus on DNA-based genomics. Key references are provide in each subsection to aid further reading.

Technical Abstract: All fields of biology have been greatly influenced by the generation of complete genome assemblies. This impact is most apparent with the findings and resulting applications from the Human Genome Project, which has transformed biomedical science. Hoping for a similar transformation in agriculture, a genome assembly was made first for chicken in 2004. More recently, as the feasibility and economics of generating a genome assembly increased, the number of species across all avian orders has increased dramatically (e.g., 48 were produced and analyzed in the landmark paper), which strongly suggests that the field of genomics will only grow in its ability to shape the future direction for all fields of avian biology.