|BASAID, KHADIJA - Ibn Zohr University|
|CHEBLIA, BOUCHRA - Ibn Zohr University|
|MAYAD, EL HASSAN - Ibn Zohr University|
|FURZE, JAMES - Ibn Zohr University|
|BOUHARROUD, RACHID - National Institute Of Agriculture Research|
|KRIERD, FRANCOIS - Universite Littoral Corte D' Opale|
|BARAKATE, MUSTAPHA - University Mohammed Vi Polytechnic|
Submitted to: International Journal of Pest Management
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/16/2019
Publication Date: 3/3/2020
Citation: Basaid, K., Cheblia, B., Mayad, E., Furze, J.N., Bouharroud, R., Krierd, F., Barakate, M., Paulitz, T.C. 2020. Biological activities of essential oils and lipopeptides applied to control plant pests and diseases: A review. International Journal of Pest Management. https://doi.org/10.1080/09670874.2019.1707327.
Interpretive Summary: This paper reviews the current literature on the use of essential oils against plant fungal and nematode pathogens and insects that attack plants.
Technical Abstract: Plants are often subject to attack by fungi, nematodes and insects, which generate immense yield losses. Hence, the quest for crop protection solutions is ongoing, concurrent with greater awareness towards the use of synthetic chemicals in agricultural practice. Scientific research has shifted towards the use of natural products, which possess good efficacy and are environment friendly. This review details two classes of natural products. The first one is the plant essential oils with their volatile constituents, which have been proven to possess antifungal, nematicidal and insecticidal activities. The second class is the lipopeptides produced by antagonistic microorganisms. Their biological activities are discussed, as they have been shown effective against plant fungi and pests. Essential oils and lipopeptides have huge potential to be used as biopesticides. Although, their application on larger scales is hindered by several limitations. Both agents may have their greatest impact in future integrated pest management programmes by joining their effects. The combinatorial approach between essential oils and lipopeptides for crop protection is discussed, as both can produce a synergistic effect, resulting from their combination against plant fungi, nematodes and pests.