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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Dawson, Georgia » National Peanut Research Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #365388

Research Project: Integrated Management of Fungal Pathogens in Peanut to Reduce Mycotoxin Contamination and Yield Losses

Location: National Peanut Research Laboratory

Title: Genotyping tools and resources to assess peanut germplasm: smut-resistant landraces as a case study

item Massa, Alicia
item BRESSANO, MARINA - Universidad Nacional De Cordoba
item SOAVE, JUAN - Criadero El Carmen, Arg
item BUTELER, MARIO - Criadero El Carmen, Arg
item SEIJO, GUILLERMO - Instituto De Botánica Del Nordeste
item Sobolev, Victor
item Orner, Valerie
item ODDINO, CLAUDIO - Criadero El Carmen, Arg
item SOAVE, SARA - Criadero El Carmen, Arg
item Faustinelli, Paola
item DE BLAS, FRANCISCO - University Of Cordoba
item Lamb, Marshall
item Arias De Ares, Renee

Submitted to: PeerJ
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 11/24/2020
Publication Date: 1/29/2021
Citation: Massa, A.N., Bressano, M., Soave, J.H., Buteler, M.I., Seijo, G., Sobolev, V., Orner, V.A., Oddino, C., Soave, S.J., Faustinelli, P.C., De Blas, F.J., Lamb, M.C., Arias De Ares, R.S. 2021. Genotyping tools and resources to assess peanut germplasm: smut-resistant landraces as a case study. PeerJ.

Interpretive Summary: Peanut landraces are a valuable source of genetic diversity for disease resistance. In a previous study, we reported two smut resistant landraces and demonstrated its introgression into susceptible peanut cultivars. Here we verified the genetic identity of one of these sources in the U.S. peanut germplasm collection. The study reports the germplasm source of the resistant line with accompanying genotyping data and diagnostic Single Nucleotide Polymorphism markers.

Technical Abstract: Peanut smut caused by Thecaphora frezii is a severe fungal disease currently endemic to Argentina and Brazil. The identi'cation of smut resistant germplasm is crucial in view of the potential risk of a global spread. In a recent study, we reported new sources of smut resistance and demonstrated its introgression into elite peanut cultivars. Here, we revisited one of these sources (line I0322) to verify its presence in the U.S. peanut germplasm collection and to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) potentially associated with resistance. Five accessions of Arachis hypogaea subsp. fastigiata from the U.S. peanut collection, along with the resistant source and derived inbred lines were genotyped with a 48K SNP peanut array. A recently developed SNP genotyping platform called RNase H2 enzyme-based ampli'cation (rhAmp) was further applied to validate selected SNPs in a larger number of individuals per accession. More than 14,000 SNPs and nine rhAmp assays con'rmed the presence of a germplasm in the U.S. peanut collection that is 98.6% identical (P < 0.01, bootstrap t-test) to the resistant line I0322. We report this germplasm with accompanying genetic information, genotyping data, and diagnostic SNP markers.