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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Wenatchee, Washington » Physiology and Pathology of Tree Fruits Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #362104

Research Project: Utilization of the Rhizosphere Microbiome and Host Genetics to Manage Soil-borne Diseases

Location: Physiology and Pathology of Tree Fruits Research

Title: Multi-site field assessment of bio-renovation methods to control apple replant disease

item HEWAVITHARANA, SHASHIKA - California Polytechnic State University
item DUPONT, TIANNA - Washington State University
item Mazzola, Mark

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 4/2/2019
Publication Date: 10/25/2019
Citation: Hewavitharana, S.S., Dupont, T., Mazzola, M. 2019. Multi-site field assessment of bio-renovation methods to control apple replant disease. Phytopathology. 109:S2.72.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Commercial scale orchard trials were conducted in the north, central and south districts of the primary apple production region in Washington State to evaluate bio-renovation approaches for the management of replant disease. Treatments examined included anaerobic soil disinfestation using Triticale or Timothy hay (ASD; 8 tons/A), Brassicaceae seed meal (BSM; 1.6 lbs per tree-row-foot rate, 1:1 formulation of Brassica juncea and Sinapis alba) amendment, grower standard soil fumigation (1,3-dichloropropene/chloropicrin), and no-treatment control in randomized complete block design. Soil microbial profiling was conducted at three weeks post-treatment. Anaerobic soil conditions were effectively attained in response to ASD at the north and central sites, but not the south site trial. Significant changes in soil microbial profiles were observed in response to ASD and BSM treatments. In bioassays conducted in orchard soils collected post-treatment, BSM effectively suppressed seedling root populations of Pratylenchus penetrans at all field sites. In addition, BSM, but not fumigation, suppressed lesion nematode root densities recovered from ‘Comic Crisp’/G.41 at the end of the first growing season at the central site. Treatment effects on fungal/oomycete root infection detected in seedling bioassays were variable, with Rhizoctonia root infection reduced by ASD and BSM at the central and south sites, respectively.