Submitted to: Animal Influenza Virus
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/1/2019
Publication Date: 3/27/2020
Citation: Spackman, E. 2020. A brief introduction to avian influenza virus. In: Spackman, E., editor. Animal Influenza Virus Methods and Protocols. 3rd Edition. Methods in Molecular Biology, volume 2123. New York, NY: Humana. p. 83-92. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0346-8_7.
Technical Abstract: The earliest recorded cases of probable high pathogenicity avian influenza virus (AIV) in poultry were reported in Italy in the 1870’s and avian influenza has been recognized in domestic poultry through the modern era of poultry production. Infection of poultry with either low pathogenic (LP) and highly pathogenic (HP) avian influenza viruses (AIV) can result substantial economic consequences. Productivity can be reduced directly and indirectly because of disease (leading to decreased egg or meat yield), mortality, vaccination costs, and restricted trade. Although aquatic birds are the natural hosts for AIV, therefore infection tends to be sub-clinical, some strains of HPAIV can cause losses in domestic ducks. Approaches to control vary widely, but elimination of the disease in poultry is a common goal. The basics of AIV biology, clinical disease, molecular aspects and AIV detection are briefly reviewed.