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ARS Home » Southeast Area » Mississippi State, Mississippi » Poultry Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #354558

Research Project: Enhancing Sustainability and Production Efficiency through Improved Management and Housing Design in Commercial Broilers

Location: Poultry Research

Title: Effect of light intensity adjusted for species-specific spectral sensitivity on blood physiological variables of male broiler chickens

Author
item Olanrewaju, Hammed
item Purswell, Joseph
item Collier, Stephanie
item Branton, Scott

Submitted to: Poultry Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/17/2018
Publication Date: 2/15/2019
Citation: Olanrewaju, H.A., Purswell, J.L., Collier, S.D., Branton, S.L. 2019. Effect of light intensity adjusted for species-specific spectral sensitivity on blood physiological variables of male broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 98:1090-1095. http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pey487.

Interpretive Summary: Replacing outdated incandescent light sources gives the opportunity to modify lighting systems according to the needs of different species and according to their spectral sensitivity. Providing a lighting environment geared towards poultry vision may improve bird welfare and blood physiological homeostasis. We investigated the influence of two LED light sources (red-supplemented vs. un-supplemented) adjusted to either human spectral sensitivity (lux) or poultry spectral sensitivity (CLUX) was investigated on selected blood physiological variables of male broilers. The results indicated that in comparison to broilers reared under RS, broilers reared under WL had lower levels of pO2, SaO2, angap, and Osmo which were within physiological ranges. Also, birds reared under CIE had lower levels of Na+, which also within physiological range. In addition, blood glucose and plasma corticosterone concentrations were not affected by treatments, suggesting an absence of physiological stress. It was concluded In conclusion, it is suggested that minor differences in lighting programs such as lighting source should not be expected to compromise broilers welfare, but rather is primarily an economic decision driven by capital and operation costs.

Technical Abstract: Replacing outdated incandescent light sources provides the opportunity to modify lighting systems according to the needs of different species and according to their spectral sensitivity. Providing a lighting environment geared towards poultry vision may improve bird welfare and blood physiological homeostasis. The influence of two LED light sources (red-supplemented vs. un-supplemented) adjusted to either human spectral sensitivity (lux) or poultry spectral sensitivity (CLUX) was investigated on selected blood physiological variables of male broilers. A total of 960 1-d-old male chicks were randomly distributed into 16 environmentally-controlled rooms (60 chicks/room). Birds were provided a diet formulated to meet NRC recommendations with feed and water provided ad libitum. The treatments consisted of two LED light sources (red-supplemented (RS) vs. un-supplemented (WL)) adjusted to either human spectral sensitivity (CIE) or poultry spectral sensitivity (CLUX) arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial. Blood samples were collected from the brachial wing vein of 6 birds per room on d 21, 28, 42, and 56, which were then analyzed immediately for whole blood physiological variables. Blood plasma samples were analyzed for corticosterone. In comparison to broilers reared under RS, broilers reared under WL had lower levels of pO2, SaO2, angap, and Osmo which were within physiological ranges. Also, birds reared under CIE had lower levels of Na+, which were also within the physiological range. In addition, blood glucose and plasma corticosterone concentrations were not affected by treatments, suggesting an absence of physiological stress. In conclusion, it is suggested that minor differences in lighting programs such as lighting source should not be expected to compromise broilers welfare, but rather is primarily an economic decision driven by capital and operation costs.