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ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Cereal Crops Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #353568

Research Project: Enhancement of Hard Spring Wheat, Durum, and Oat Quality

Location: Cereal Crops Research

Title: Registration of ‘Focus’ hard red spring wheat

Author
item GLOVER, KARL - SOUTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVERSITY
item KLEINJAN, J.L. - SOUTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Jin, Yue
item OSBORNE, L.E. - PIONEER HI-BRED INTERNATIONAL
item INGEMANSEN, J.A. - SOUTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVERSITY
item TURNIPSEED, E.B. - SOUTH DAKOTA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Dykes, Linda

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/28/2018
Publication Date: 1/1/2019
Publication URL: https://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/6471231
Citation: Glover, K.D., Kleinjan, J., Jin, Y., Osborne, L., Ingemansen, J., Turnipseed, E., Dykes, L. 2019. Registration of ‘Focus’ hard red spring wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations. 13(1):63-67. https://doi.org/10.3198/jpr2018.05.0029crc.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3198/jpr2018.05.0029crc

Interpretive Summary: Grower and end-user acceptance of new Hard Red Spring Wheat (HRSW; Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars is heavily influenced by agronomic performance, end-use quality potential, and disease resistance levels. The objective of this research was to release a new HRSW cultivar with competitive agronomic performance, end-use quality, and disease resistance to serve as a replacement for ‘Brick’, a HRSW cultivar that has been very popular in South Dakota. ‘Focus’ (Reg. No. ; PI 675337) HRSW was developed at South Dakota State University (SDSU) and released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (SDAES) in early 2015. Focus was released primarily for its yield potential, high grain volume weight, early-maturity and good level of resistance to Fusarium head blight (caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe (telomorph Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch).

Technical Abstract: Grower and end-user acceptance of new Hard Red Spring Wheat (HRSW; Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars is heavily influenced by agronomic performance, end-use quality potential, and disease resistance levels. The objective of this research was to release a new HRSW cultivar with competitive agronomic performance, end-use quality, and disease resistance to serve as a replacement for ‘Brick’, a HRSW cultivar that has been very popular in South Dakota. ‘Focus’ (Reg. No. ; PI 675337) HRSW was developed at South Dakota State University (SDSU) and released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (SDAES) in early 2015. The cross SD3943-21/SD3851 was completed during fall 2007 and the resulting population was advanced via an early-generation bulk-testing program where F4:6 seed was included in the 2011 Preliminary Yield Trial (PYT) and the line was designated as SD4362. This line was also was tested in the Advanced Yield Trial (AYT) from 2012 through 2014. Focus was released primarily for its yield potential, high GVW, early-maturity and good level of resistance to Fusarium head blight (caused by Fusarium graminearum Schwabe (telomorph Gibberella zeae (Schwein.) Petch).