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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Plant Polymer Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #352240

Research Project: Conversion of Polysaccharides and Other Bio-based Materials to High-Value, Commercial Products

Location: Plant Polymer Research

Title: Microwave-assisted extraction of soluble sugars from banana puree with natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES)

item GÓMEZ, ANALÍA - Universidad De Sao Paulo
item TADINI, CARMEN - Universidad De Sao Paulo
item Biswas, Atanu
item Berhenke, Megan
item Kim, Sanghoon
item Boddu, Veera
item Cheng, Huai

Submitted to: LWT - Food Science and Technology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/17/2019
Publication Date: 2/19/2019
Citation: Gómez, A.V., Tadini, C.C., Biswas, A., Buttrum, M., Kim, S., Boddu, V.M., Cheng, H.N. 2019. Microwave-assisted extraction of soluble sugars from banana puree with natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES). LWT - Food Science and Technology. 107:79-88.

Interpretive Summary: This study demonstrates a new approach to extract sugars and value added chemicals from ripe bananas. The approach uses a new class of eco-friendly solvents, natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES), in optimal quantities and at a certain temperature range. This work also shows the advantage of using the combination of NADES and Microwave Assisted Extraction (MAE) as a useful method for food fragrance and flavor manufacturers to extract soluble sugars from fruits like bananas. The novel processes developed in this work will help recover valuable components from ripe and waste bananas and other fruits. Fruit farmers, consumers and other food and flavor industries would benefit from this research.

Technical Abstract: Over-ripe bananas serve as a good source for non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), which can be used as a functional food ingredient and represent an opportunity for waste utilization. However, ripe banana contains a large amount of sugars, which are undesirable and need to be removed. Traditional extraction methods using alcoholic solvents have many drawbacks. This study aims to use natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES) as new and eco-friendly solvents for the extraction of soluble sugars from ripe bananas. Thirty NADES were characterized and screened, and four of them were selected as most appropriate solvents to remove soluble sugars from banana puree with the help of microwave-assisted extraction. The effects of temperature, time, and quantity of water added to NADES were evaluated. In all cases, NADES were shown to be more effective than conventional solvents (water and ethanol). Among the four NADES, malic acid:beta-alanine:water (1:1:3, molar ratio) with 30 g/100 g of water (25°C, 30 min) was found to be the most effective in the extraction of soluble sugars from banana puree. Thus, NADES can be considered a highly efficient extraction medium for fruits (such as bananas) and can replace conventional extractions using harsher organic solvents like ethanol.