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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Food and Feed Safety Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #349886

Research Project: Genetic and Environmental Factors Controlling Aflatoxin Biosynthesis

Location: Food and Feed Safety Research

Title: MycoKey round table discussions of future directions in research on chemical detection methods, genetics and biodiversity of mycotoxins

Author
item Leslie, John - KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY
item Lattanzio, Veronica - NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL - ITALY
item Audenaert, Kris - GHENT UNIVERSITY
item Battilani, Paola - UNIVERSITÀ CATTOLICA DEL SACRO CUORE
item Cary, Jeffrey
item Chulze, Sofia - NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF RIO CUARTO
item De Saeger, Sarah - GHENT UNIVERSITY
item Gerardino, Annamaria - NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL - ITALY
item Karlovsky, Petr - GEORG AUGUST UNIVERSITY
item Liao, Yu-cai - HUAZHONG AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY
item Maragos, Chris
item Meca, Giuseppe - UNIVERSITY OF VALENCIA
item Medina, Angel - CRANFIELD UNIVERSITY
item Moretti, Antonio - NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL - ITALY
item Munkvold, Gary - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Mule, Giuseppina - NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL - ITALY
item Njobeh, Patrick - UNIVERSITY OF JOHANNESBURG
item Pecorelli, Ivan - ISTITUTO ZOOPROFILATTICO
item Perrone, Giancarlo - UNIVERSITÀ CATTOLICA DEL SACRO CUORE
item Pietri, Amedeo - GADJAH MADA UNIVERSITY
item Palazzini, Juan - NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF RIO CUARTO
item Proctor, Robert
item Rahayu, Endang - NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF RIO CUARTO
item Ramirez, Maria - NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF RIO CUARTO
item Samson, Robert - FUNGAL BIODIVERSITY
item Stroka, Jorg - EUROPEAN COMMISSION-JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE (JRC)
item Sulyok, Michael - UNIVERSITY OF NATURAL RESOURCES & APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES - AUSTRIA
item Sumarah, Mark - AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CANADA
item Waalwijk, Cees - WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY
item Zhang, Qi - CHINESE ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
item Zhang, Hao - CHINESE ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
item Logrieco, Antonio - NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL - ITALY

Submitted to: Toxins
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/27/2018
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Certain fungi can produce toxins, mycotoxins, that can adversely affect the health of people and domestic animals. For several years the European Union (EU) has funded a project on mycotoxins known as MycoKey. It is part of a larger EU research framework known as Horizon 2020. The goal of MycoKey is to generate innovative, integrated, critical solutions that enable stakeholders to effectively and sustainably manage mycotoxins along both food and feed chains. To this end, researchers within and outside the project were convened into two Round-Table discussions. This manuscript summarizes the protocols used for, and the results of, those discussions. The manuscript is significant because it provides a summary of the areas of mycotoxin research that were identified as high priority, and promising directions for research over the remainder of the MycoKey project and beyond.

Technical Abstract: MycoKey, an EU-funded Horizon 2020 project, includes a series of “Roundtable Discussions” to gather information on trending research areas in the field of mycotoxicology. This presentation includes summaries of the Roundtable Discussions on the role of Genetics and Biodiversity in mycotoxin production and on Chemical Detection and Monitoring of mycotoxins. Discussions were managed by using the Nominal Group discussion technique, which generates numerous ideas and provides a ranking for those identified as the most important. Four questions were asked about each study area as well two questions that were common to both discussions. Test kits, usually antibody based, were one major focus of the discussions at the Chemical Detection and Monitoring roundtable because of their many favorable features, e.g., cost, speed, and ease of use. The second area of focus for this roundtable was multi-mycotoxin detection protocols and challenges remaining before these protocols become methods of choice for regulated mycotoxins. For the Genetic and Biodiversity group, both the depth and the breadth of trending research areas was notable. For some areas, e.g., microbiome studies, the questions to be asked are mostly of a descriptive nature. In other areas, multiple experimental approaches – transcriptomics, proteomics, RNAi, knockout gene deletions – are needed to understand regulation of toxin production and mechanisms underlying successful biological controls, and to provide starting points for developing acceptable remediation processes. Forging a partnership between scientists and well-placed communications experts was recognized by both groups as an essential step to communicating risks while retaining overall confidence in the safety of the food supply and the integrity of the food production chain.