Location: Crop Improvement and Protection ResearchTitle: Heterologous expression of the cotton NBS-LRR gene GbaNA1 enhances Verticillium wilt resistance in Arabidopsis
|LI, NAN-YANG - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences|
|ZHOU, LEI - Qufu Normal University|
|ZHANG, DAN-DAN - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences|
|LI, TING-GANG - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences|
|GUI, YUE-JING - Qufu Normal University|
|KONG, ZHI-QIANG - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences|
|MA, XUE-FENG - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences|
|SHORT, DYLAN - University Of California|
|ZHANG, WEN-QI - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences|
|LI, JUN-JIAO - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences|
|SUBBARAO, KRISHNA - University Of California|
|CHEN, JIE-YIN - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences|
|DAI, XIAO-FENG - Chinese Academy Of Agricultural Sciences|
Submitted to: Frontiers in Plant Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/6/2018
Publication Date: 2/6/2018
Citation: Li, N.Y., Zhou, L., Zhang, D.-D., Klosterman, S.J., Li, T.-G., Gui, Y.J., Kong, Z.-Q., Ma, X.-F., Short, D.P.G., Zhang, W.-Q., Li, J.-J., Subbarao, K.V., Chen, J.-Y., Dai, X.-F. 2018. Heterologous expression of the cotton NBS-LRR gene GbaNA1 enhances Verticillium wilt resistance in Arabidopsis. Frontiers in Plant Science. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00119.
Interpretive Summary: Verticillium wilt disease in plants is caused by the soilborne fungus Verticillium dahliae and this disease results in severe losses in many crop plants grown worldwide. In addition to causing diseases of vegetables, strawberries, and many other crops, Verticillium wilt also causes major yield losses on cotton. Improving genetic resistance in all these crops is the cleanest and least expensive option to manage Verticillium wilt. Previously, the gene known as GbaNA1 that confers resistance to V. dahliae in cotton, was identified. In this current study, the GbaNA1 was transferred to a plant belonging to a different plant family, and also conferred resistance to V. dahliae. This result indicates that the genetics, and molecular mechanisms conferring resistance to Verticillium wilt are similar, regardless of whether comparing two different plant families. Knowledge of such conserved mechanisms across different plant families may be useful to develop resistance to Verticillium wilt in many crop plants.
Technical Abstract: Verticillium wilt caused by Verticillium dahliae results in severe losses in cotton, and is economically the most destructive disease of this crop. Improving genetic resistance is the cleanest and least expensive option to manage Verticillium wilt. Previously, we identified the island cotton NBS-LRR-encoding gene GbaNA1 that confers resistance to the highly virulent V. dahliae isolate Vd991. In this study, we expressed cotton GbaNA1 in the heterologous system of Arabidopsis thaliana and investigated the defense response mediated by GbaNA1 following inoculations with V. dahliae. Heterologous expression of GbaNA1 conferred Verticillium wilt resistance in A. thaliana. Moreover, overexpression of GbaNA1 enabled recovery of the resistance phenotype of A. thaliana mutants that had lost the function of GbaNA1 ortholog gene. Investigations of the defense response in A. thaliana showed that the ROS production and the expression of genes associated with the ethylene signaling pathway were enhanced significantly following overexpression of GbaNA1. Intriguingly, overexpression of the GbaNA1 ortholog from G. hirsutum (GhNA1) in A. thaliana did not induce the defense response of ROS production due to the premature termination of GhNA1, which lacks the encoded NB-ARC and LRR motifs. GbaNA1 therefore confers Verticillium wilt resistance in A. thaliana by the activation of ROS production and ethylene signaling. These results demonstrate the functional conservation of the NBS-LRR-encoding GbaNA1 in a heterologous system, and the mechanism of this resistance, both of which may prove valuable in incorporating GbaNA1-mediated resistance into other plant species.