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ARS Home » Pacific West Area » Riverside, California » Agricultural Water Efficiency and Salinity Research Unit » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #347729

Research Project: Identifying, Quantifying and Tracking Microbial Contaminants, Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Order to Protect Food and Water Supplies

Location: Agricultural Water Efficiency and Salinity Research Unit

Title: Analysis of stability behavior of carbon black nanoparticles in ecotoxicological media: Hydrophobic and steric effects

item HWANG, GUKHWA - Chonbuk National University
item GOMEZ-FLOREZ, ALLAN - Chonbuk National University
item Bradford, Scott
item CHOI, SOWON - Chonbuk National University
item JO, EUNHYE - National Institute Of Environmental Research
item KIM, SONG - Seoul National University
item TONG, MEIPING - Chonbuk National University
item KIM, HYUNGJUNG - Chonbuk National University

Submitted to: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 6/18/2018
Publication Date: 6/19/2018
Citation: Hwang, G., Gomez-Florez, A., Bradford, S.A., Choi, S., Jo, E., Kim, S.B., Tong, M., Kim, H. 2018. Analysis of stability behavior of carbon black nanoparticles in ecotoxicological media: Hydrophobic and steric effects. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 554:306-316.

Interpretive Summary: The toxicity of nanoparticles, such as carbon black nanoparticles (CB-NPs), to various aquatic organisms is frequented assessed using different test media. However, aggregation of nanoparticles in these media can have a large influence on toxicity results. Experimental and theoretical studies were conducted are determine the aggregation behavior of CB-NPs in various test media in the presence and absence of dissolved organic matter (DOM). Aggregation of CB-NPs rapidly occurred in test media in the absence of DOM, but not in the presence of DOM. This difference was attributable to the presence of adsorbed DOM on the CB-NPs which weakened or eliminated attractive interactions between CB-NPs. This information will be of interest to scientists, engineers, health professionals, and government regulators concerned with assessing risks from nanoparticles in the environment.

Technical Abstract: The stability of carbon black nanoparticles (CB-NPs) was investigated in five different ecotoxicity test media for fish, daphnia, and algae (i.e., ISO Test water, Elendt M4 medium, OECD TG 201 medium, AAP medium, and Bold’s Basal Medium) in the presence and absence of Suwannee River Humic Acid (SRHA) as a function of time. Hydrodynamic size, particle sedimentation rate, and visual images of suspensions were analyzed for 96'h, and the SRHA concentration was varied from 0 to 10'mg/L. Zeta potential and water contact angle of CB-NP, and SRHA sorption to CB-NPs were also examined to complement stability analyses. CB-NPs always exhibited negative zeta potential regardless of media type and SRHA concentration, and became more negative in the presence of SRHA due to SRHA sorption. Moreover, CB-NPs were found to be hydrophobic in the absence of SRHA, whereas they became hydrophilic when SRHA was adsorbed. Stability test results showed that regardless of test media, the hydrodynamic size increased fast and the sedimentation rate was high in the absence of SRHA, indicating poor stability of the CB-NPs. Conversely, the presence of SRHA substantially increased the stability of CB-NPs over 96'h, regardless of the SRHA concentration and test media type. Stability trends in the presence and absence of SRHA were not consistent with predictions from classical Derjaguin–Landau–Verwey–Overbeek (DLVO) theory. However, extended and modified DLVO theories, that also accounted for hydrophobic-attractive forces due to the inherent nature of CB-NPs and steric repulsive forces associated with the brush-like conformation of SRHA adsorbed to CB-NPs, better described CB-NPs’ stability in the absence and presence of SRHA, respectively.