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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Laboratory for Agriculture and The Environment » Soil, Water & Air Resources Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #347309

Research Project: Utilization of the G x E x M Framework to Develop Climate Adaptation Strategies for Temperate Agricultural Systems

Location: Soil, Water & Air Resources Research

Title: Soil water retention of a bare soil with changing bulk densities

Author
item Kool, Dilia - Iowa State University
item Akuoko, Ohene - Iowa State University
item Tong, Bing - Iowa State University
item Heitman, Joshua - North Carolina State University
item Sauer, Thomas - Tom
item Horton, Robert - Iowa State University

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 5/9/2017
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Tillage changes the bulk density of the soil, lowering the density initially after which it increases as the soil settles. Implications of this for soil water content and soil water potential are obvious, but limited efforts have been made to monitor these changes continuously. We present in-situ measurements of soil water retention using Thermo-TDRs and micro-tensiometers. These measurements are compared to water retention curves of soil cores obtained at different times following a tillage event, measured under controlled conditions in the laboratory. Initial results indicate that the lowest bulk densities are associated with lower water retention and a larger range of plant available water. Bulk densities were uniform with depth immediately following tillage. In the top 5 to 10 cm soil layer, bulk densities remained low throughout the season while in layers below 10 cm bulk densities increased, strongly increasing water retention and reducing the range of plant available water. Actual available water in the field appeared to be highest in the 10-15 cm layer, where high water content was associated with high pressure potential. The low density of the 0-10 cm layer allowed water to drain relatively quickly, while at 15-20 cm depths the higher density resulted in a smaller range of plant available water. The implications of water retention differences for plant available water and evaporation will depend on the matric potentials typically found in the field. The comparison between laboratory and in-situ generated data will be highlighted.