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ARS Home » Northeast Area » Beltsville, Maryland (BARC) » Beltsville Agricultural Research Center » Genetic Improvement for Fruits & Vegetables Laboratory » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #344030

Research Project: Strawberry, Raspberry, Blackberry: Crop Improvement through Genomics and Genetics

Location: Genetic Improvement for Fruits & Vegetables Laboratory

Title: Single-molecule sequencing and optical mapping yields an improved genome of woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) with chromosome-scale contiguity

Author
item Edger, Patrick - Michigan State University
item Vanburen, Robert - Michigan State University
item Colle, Marivi - Michigan State University
item Poorten, Thomas - University Of California
item Wai, Ching Man - Michigan State University
item Niederhuth, Chad - University Of Georgia
item Alger, Elizabeth - Michigan State University
item Ou, Shujun - Michigan State University
item Acharya, Charlotte - University Of California
item Wang, Jie - Michigan State University
item Callow, Pete - Michigan State University
item Mckain, Michael - Danforth Plant Science Center
item Shi, Jinghua - Bionano Genomics, Inc.
item Collier, Chad - Bionano Genomics, Inc.
item Xiong, Zhyong - Inner Mongolian Agriculture University
item Mower, Jeffrey - University Of Nebraska
item Slovin, Janet
item Hytönen, Timo - University Of Helsinki
item Jiang, Ning - Michigan State University
item Childs, Kevin - Michigan State University
item Knapp, Steven - University Of California

Submitted to: Gigascience
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/13/2017
Publication Date: 12/13/2017
Citation: Edger, P.P., Vanburen, R., Colle, M., Poorten, T.J., Wai, C., Niederhuth, C.E., Alger, E., Ou, S., Acharya, C.B., Wang, J., Callow, P., Mckain, M.R., Shi, J., Collier, C., Xiong, Z., Mower, J.P., Slovin, J.P., Hytönen, T., Jiang, N., Childs, K., Knapp, S.J. 2017. Single-molecule sequencing and optical mapping yields an improved genome of woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) with chromosome-scale contiguity. Gigascience. https://doi.org/10.1093/gigascience/gix124.

Interpretive Summary: The dessert strawberry is a highly complex plant to study in the laboratory, so tools have become available over the last 5 to 10 years for using the simpler and closely related woodland strawberry for understanding traits important for strawberry production. One such tool is the sequence of the DNA, which is important for identifying the genes that control traits such as fruit quality and longevity or resistance to disease, as well as traits related to how strawberry plants grow and reproduce. This paper describes a substantial improvement of the existing woodland strawberry sequence using more modern technology that allowed for the discovery of a large amount of additional sequence not present in previous versions, and the identification of almost 1,500 additional genes. This improved genome sequence will enhance scientist's understanding of the function of genes involved in production of improved varieties with enhanced disease resistance, and will enable breeders to produce improved varieties using the most modern techniques.

Technical Abstract: Although draft genomes are available for most agronomically important plant species, the majority are incomplete, highly fragmented, and often riddled with assembly and scaffolding errors. These assembly issues hinder advances in tool development for functional genomics and systems biology. Here we utilized a robust, cost-effective approach to produce 'platinum' quality reference genomes. We report a near-complete genome of diploid woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) using single-molecule real-time sequencing from Pacific Biosciences (PacBio). This assembly has a contig N50 length of ~7.9 Mb, representing a ~300 fold improvement of the previous version. The vast majority (>99.8%) of the assembly was anchored to seven pseudomolecules using two sets of optical maps from Bionano Genomics. We obtained ~24.96 million base pairs (Mb) of sequence not present in the previous version of the F. vesca genome and produced an improved annotation that includes 1,496 new genes. Comparative syntenic analyses uncovered numerous, large-scale scaffolding errors present in each chromosome in the previously published version of the F. vesca genome. Our results highlight the need to improve existing short-read based reference genomes. Furthermore, we demonstrate how genome quality impacts commonly used analyses for addressing both fundamental and applied biological questions.