|Hossain, Md Zakir - Orise Fellow|
Submitted to: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 10/16/2017
Publication Date: 10/16/2017
Citation: Hossain, M., Maragos, C.M. 2017. Gold nanoparticle-enhanced multiplexed imaging surface plasmon resonance (iSPR) detection of Fusarium mycotoxins in wheat. Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 101:246-253.
Interpretive Summary: Fungi of the genus Fusarium can infest cereal crops and routinely cause significant losses to U.S. agriculture. Certain of the Fusaria produce toxins that further reduce the value of the crop that remains. Such toxins include deoxynivalenol (also known as vomitoxin), zearalenone, and T-2 toxin. As part of efforts to divert contaminated material from human food and animal feed supplies, routine monitoring is done for one or more of these toxins. However, most of the screening methods that are currently being used detect only one type of toxin. ARS scientists in Peoria, Illinois, developed a method for detecting all three types of toxins simultaneously in wheat. The method uses a novel biosensor technology known as imaging surface plasmon resonance (iSPR). By allowing for all three types of toxins to be monitored simultaneously, the method reduces the time required to test for all three groups of toxins, an important benefit for screening many samples during and after harvest.
Technical Abstract: A rapid, sensitive and multiplexed imaging surface plasmon resonance (iSPR) biosensor assay was developed and validated for three Fusarium toxins, deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZEA) and T-2 toxin. The iSPR assay was based on a competitive inhibition format with secondary antibodies (Ab2) conjugated to gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) used as a signal amplification tag. Signal was amplified nearly 25-fold for DON, 90-fold for ZEA and 12-fold for T-2 toxin assay using Ab2-AuNPs. Analyses, including steps to regenerate the sensor, took 17.5 min. The antigen coated sensor chip was used for more than 46 cycles without affecting signal intensity (<12%). Matrix matched calibration curves were constructed to determine Fusarium toxins in wheat. The mean recoveries ranged from 87 % to 103% with relative standard deviations of repeatability of less than 5%. The limits of detection were 15 µg/kg for DON, 24 µg/kg for ZEA and 12 µg/kg for T-2 toxin. This provided sufficient sensitivity to monitor contamination of these mycotoxins in wheat in accordance with European Commission (EC) limits. Cut off levels for all three Fusarium toxins were validated using blank wheat and wheat spiked either at the EC regulated levels (100 µg/kg for ZEA and T-2 toxin) or at one third of the EC level (for DON: 400 µg/kg). The assay was successfully applied and further validated with naturally contaminated wheat samples. This is the first reported AuNP enhanced iSPR assay to detect and classify three agriculturally important Fusarium toxins in wheat.