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ARS Home » Plains Area » Fargo, North Dakota » Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center » Cereal Crops Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #343634

Research Project: Host-Pathogen Interactions in Fungal Diseases of Wheat and Barley

Location: Cereal Crops Research

Title: Genetic analysis of virulence in the Pyrenophora teres f. teres population BB25 x FGOH04Ptt021

Author
item Koladia, Vaidehi - North Dakota State University
item Richards, Jonathan - North Dakota State University
item Wyatt, Nathan - North Dakota State University
item Faris, Justin
item Brueggeman, Robert - North Dakota State University
item Friesen, Timothy

Submitted to: Fungal Genetics and Biology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: 7/13/2017
Publication Date: 7/18/2017
Citation: Koladia, V.M., Richards, J.K., Wyatt, N.A., Faris, J.D., Brueggeman, R.S., Friesen, T.L. 2017. Genetic analysis of virulence in the Pyrenophora teres f. teres population BB25 x FGOH04Ptt021. Fungal Genetics and Biology. 107:12-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fgb.2017.07.003.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fgb.2017.07.003

Interpretive Summary: Net form net blotch (NFNB) is a destructive disease of barley wherever barley is grown and is currently a major problem in malting barley production in the Northern Great Plains. The disease is caused by a fungus known as Pyrenophora teres f. teres. Better information is needed regarding the ability of this fungus to attack different barley varieties, and therefore we determined the locations of genes that were contributing to NFNB disease development. To accomplish this, we generated a P. teres f. teres population using P. teres f. teres isolates collected in the Northern Great Plains and Europe because these isolates differ in their ability to cause disease on local barley cultivars. Eight barley lines, including four local barley cultivars commonly used in malting barley production in the Northern Great Plains, were then inoculated with this fungal population to evaluate disease development. Nine genomic regions likely harboring genes contributing to disease were identified. This information will be useful to barley breeders and pathologists selecting for resistance to NFNB in the Northern Great Plains.

Technical Abstract: Pyrenophora teres f. teres is the causal agent of net form net blotch (NFNB) of barley. In order to map the genetics of avirulence/virulence in P. teres f. teres, a fungal population was developed using P. teres f. teres isolates BB25 (Denmark) and FGOH04Ptt-21 (North Dakota, USA) due to these two isolates differing in virulence on several common barley lines. 109 progeny isolates were obtained from the BB25 by FGOH04Ptt-21 cross that were then used for NFNB disease evaluation across eight barley lines, four of which have been used commonly as NFNB differential lines as well as four cultivars commonly used in barley production in the Northern Great Plains. BB25 was virulent on one of the barley lines and avirulent on seven of the barley lines whereas, FGOH04Ptt-21 was virulent on all eight barley lines evaluated. Genetic maps were generated with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers obtained using a restriction associated DNA genotyping by sequencing (RAD-GBS) approach. Sixteen linkage groups were formed and were used to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with avirulence/virulence. Nine unique QTL were identified on eight linkage groups out of which three QTL had major effects (R2 = 45%) while the remaining six QTL were relatively minor (R2 < 20%). One or two major effect loci were identified for the lines commonly used as differentials. Conversely, variation in virulence on the local barley cultivars was mostly associated with small effect loci that contributed quantitatively to disease.