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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Peoria, Illinois » National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research » Bioenergy Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #338191

Research Project: Develop Technologies for Production of Platform Chemicals and Advanced Biofuels from Lignocellulosic Feedstocks

Location: Bioenergy Research

Title: Recovery of butanol from fermentation broth by pervaporation

item Qureshi, Nasib
item FRIEDL, ANTON - Vienna University Of Technology

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 2/13/2017
Publication Date: 6/20/2017
Citation: Qureshi, N., Friedl, A. 2017. Recovery of butanol from fermentation broth by pervaporation [abstract]. 2nd ABE Fermentation Workshop, Turon, Poland, 06/19-22/2017. L26.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Butanol can be produced by fermentation from corn, molasses or lignocellulosic biomass for use as a chemical or superior biofuel. However, butanol’s production is hampered by its toxicity to the microbial culture that produces it. In fermentation broths, final butanol concentrations typically range from 13-18 gL-1, which is a low. Also its boiling point (118 degrees C) is higher than water (100 degrees C), which makes its recovery energy intensive. To make it an energy efficient process, alternate recovery techniques such as pervaporation are sought. In search of these membrane processes, we have intensified our research in this direction. We have tested polypropylene, silicone, and silicalite membranes for butanol separation from model solutions and fermentation broths. Model solutions offer high flux and selectivities, however, use of actual fermentation broth results in reduced selectivity and flux which are membrane specific. Furthermore, lignocellulosic hydrolyzates as feedstocks are turbid and they adversely affect the membrane performance. Pervaporation will be compared with other process separation options like gas-stripping, liquid–liquid extraction, and adsorption. Including the final purification step, all mentioned process separation options need a final purification step using distillation. For an energy efficient hybrid separation system it is important that the separation step prior to distillation achieves the highest selectivity possible, which leads to lower energy demand in distillation and the total hybrid separation system. This presentation will cover an overview of recovery of butanol acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) from fermentation broth.