Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/20/2017
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: Soil scientists have long recognized the importance of soil biology in ecological health. In particular, soil microbes are crucial for many soil functions including decomposition, nutrient cycling, synthesis of plant growth regulators, and degradation of synthetic chemicals. Currently, soil biologists are working to unravel the enormously diverse and complex world of soil microbiology for soil health assessment. Several methods are available to characterize microbial community structure and function, such as microbial metagenomics, phospholipid fatty acids, microbial enzyme activities, and soil respiration. Each approach presents opportunities and challenges for biological soil health assessment across ecosystems.