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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Commodity Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #327584

Research Project: Developing Technologies that Enable Growth and Profitability in the Commercial Conversion of Sugarcane, Sweet Sorghum, and Energy Beets into Sugar, Advanced Biofuels, and Bioproducts

Location: Commodity Utilization Research

Title: Toward a better understanding of the impact of mass transit air pollutants on human health

item KIM, KI-HYUN - Hanyang University
item KUMAR, PAWAN - Central University Of Jammu
item SZULEJKO, JAN - Hanyang University
item ADELODUN, ADEDEJI - The Federal University Of Technology
item JUNAID, MUHAMMAD - University Of Engineering And Technology
item Uchimiya, Sophie
item CHAMBERS, SCOTT - Australian Nuclear Science & Technology Organization

Submitted to: Chemosphere
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: 1/23/2017
Publication Date: 1/25/2017
Citation: Kim, K.-H., Kumar, P., Szulejko, J.E., Adelodun, A.A., Junaid, M.F., Uchimiya, M.M., Chambers, S. 2017. Toward a better understanding of the impact of mass transit air pollutants on human health. Chemosphere. 174:268-279.

Interpretive Summary: Agricultural workforce, especially farmers, are constantly exposed to air pollutants generated from tractors and other motor vehicles. This study investigated the health impacts of different air pollutants to provide an occupational health roadmap for the agricultural workers.

Technical Abstract: Modern mass transit systems, based on roads, rail, water, and air, generate toxic airborne pollutants throughout the developed world. This has become one of the leading concerns about the use of modern transportation, particularly in densely-populated urban areas where their use is enormous and incessant. Recent research efforts have continued to highlight the role of toxic airborne pollutants on potentially severe environmental and health problems. In this paper, we review the production and influences of toxic airborne pollutants (such as NO2, PM, VOCs and EC) typical of traffic-related air pollution (TRAP). Furthermore, we provide a detailed discussion regarding the effects of TRAP on local environments, and pedestrian health in low and high traffic-density environments.