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ARS Home » Midwest Area » Ames, Iowa » National Laboratory for Agriculture and The Environment » Soil, Water & Air Resources Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #322951

Research Project: SOIL MANAGEMENT FOR ENHANCED AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND SUSTAINABLE BIOFUEL FEEDSTOCK PRODUCTION

Location: Soil, Water & Air Resources Research

Title: Evaluating Brazilian sugarcane expansion effects on soil structure using VESS

Author
item Cherubin, Mauricio - Sao Paulo State University (UNESP)
item Karlen, Douglas
item Franco, Andre - Colorado State University
item Rachel, M - Federal University - Brazil
item Tormena, Cassio - University Of Maringa
item Cerri, Carlos - Luiz De Queiroz College Of Agriculture (ESALQ)
item Cerri, Carlos - Universidad De Sao Paulo

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 9/1/2015
Publication Date: N/A
Citation: N/A

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Increasing global demand for biofuel has accelerated land-use change (LUC) in Brazil, primarily by replacing degraded pasture with sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum). The intensive echanization associated with this LUC has increased concerns regarding soil structural quality (SSQ). Through decades of research focused on identifying sensitive indicators of soil degradation due to land use and management, the Visual Evaluation of Soil Structure (VESS) protocol has emerged as a simple, cheap, fast, reliable and accurate semi-quantitative approach for assessing SSQ. VESS integrates soil properties related to size, strength and porosity of aggregates, root characteristics and soil color into a single score (Sq - structural quality) that ranges from 1 (good structural quality) to 5 (poor structural quality). Our objective was to evaluate SSQ changes associated with a LUC sequence (native vegetation – pasture – sugarcane) at three sites across south-central Brazil using the VESS. Soil physical properties, previously identified as potential indicators of SSQ, were also quantified and correlated with the VESS scores. Our results showed increasing SSQ degradation due to this LUC within the largest sugarcane producing region of the world. Average Sq ratings were 2.0, 2.7, and 3.1 for native vegetation (Cerrado), pasture, and sugarcane, respectively. Sq scores were strongly correlated (p<0.01; n= 72) with several soil physical properties including bulk density (r= 0.35), macroporosity (r= -0.63), total porosity (r= -0.33), waterfilled pore space (r= 0.46), soil resistance to penetration (r= 0.68), water hydraulic conductivity (r= -0.47) and a structural stability index (r= -0.40). We conclude that VESS scores provide an efficient method to identify SSQ degradation due to LUC, and recommend that VESS evaluations be incorporated into monitoring protocols for evaluating soil quality/health in areas of sugarcane expansion in Brazil.