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ARS Home » Southeast Area » New Orleans, Louisiana » Southern Regional Research Center » Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research » Research » Publications at this Location » Publication #320720

Research Project: Chemical Modification of Cotton for Value Added Applications

Location: Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research

Title: Detection of Human Neutrophil Elastase with Fluorescent Peptide Sensors Conjugated to Nanocellulosic Solid Supports Targeting Wound Care Diagnostics

item Fontenot, Krystal
item Edwards, Judson - Vince
item Prevost, Nicolette
item HALDANE, DAVID - Innovatech-Engineering

Submitted to: American Chemical Society National Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: 12/19/2014
Publication Date: 3/22/2015
Citation: Fontenot, K.R., Edwards, J.V., Prevost, N.T., Haldane, D. 2015. Detection of Human Neutrophil Elastase with Fluorescent Peptide Sensors Conjugated to Nanocellulosic Solid Supports Targeting Wound Care Diagnostics. American Chemical Society National Meeting. Cell 303.

Interpretive Summary:

Technical Abstract: Human neutrophil elastase (HNE) is a biomarker for chronic wounds and a therapeutic target for certain diseases. An unchecked influx of neutrophils, which contain about one pictogram of elastase per neutrophil, is responsible for degrading growth factors and collagen formation, indefinitely delaying the healing of chronic wounds. Nanocellulose when conjugated with HNE peptide substrates has the potential to improve point of care diagnostics used to assess the status of chronic wounds, by offering a higher transducer surfaces area for protease detection sensitivity. Over the years the use of cellulose and other polysaccharides as a solid support for peptides applicable to wound care has grown. Here cellulose nanocrystals and mirofibrillated cellulose (CNC) derived from cotton and wood respectively were compared as support surfaces, and were produced with varying material forms for attachment of elastase peptide substrates. Print cloth fabric, wood/cotton cellulose nanocrystals and microfibrillated cellulosic films were compared as putative transducer surfaces to host-peptide fluorescent sensors of HNE. Analytical approaches including attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy (ATR-IR), ultraviolet visible spectroscopy (UV-VIS), mass spectrometry (MS), X-ray crystallography and elemental analysis (EA) were utilized to characterize the peptide-cellulose conjugates. The cellulose and nanocellulose-peptide conjugates were evaluated for their elastase detection activities using a microtiter enzyme assay to monitor fluorescence. Results of the relative sensitivity of HNE detection, surface area differences, degree of peptide substitution, and potential for applications to protease detection will be discussed.